A Mortality-Free Decade of Pancreatoduodenectomy: Is Quality Independent of Quantity?

Schwarz, Roderich E.; Keny, Hemant
October 1999
American Surgeon;Oct1999, Vol. 65 Issue 10, p949
Academic Journal
Pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) for periampullary cancer is a procedure of high morbidity and poor long-term survival. Superior clinical outcome has been described in high-volume institutions or for surgeons with a high case load. All patients undergoing pancreatectomy at the City of Hope National Medical Center (Duarte, CA) between 1987 and 1998 were analyzed retrospectively for postoperative outcome, and correlating or predictive clinicopathological factors were identified. Fifty-four patients underwent pancreatectomy [PD, n = 43; pylorus-preserving PD, n = 8; total pancreatectomy, n = 3]. There were 26 males and 28 females, with a median age of 63 years (range, 19-86). Fifty patients had a malignant diagnosis, and four patients had a benign diagnosis. Nine surgical oncologists performed an average of six pancreatectomies (range, 2-8). There was no perioperative death. Postoperative complications occurred in 30 patients, and infections predominated (n = 17). The median hospital stay was 16.5 days. The median postoperative actuarial survival by cancer site was 56 months (ampullary/ bile duct), 32.5 months (duodenal), 22.5 months (pancreatic), and 23.2 months (others). In this 11-year single institutional experience, PD and total pancreatectomy have been performed without lethal complication. In the setting of an exclusive oncology practice, operative mortality rates and survival outcome can be generated that compare favorably to large center experiences. Quality of outcome after pancreatectomy can be independent of quantity.


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