Gastroduodenostomy after Gastric Recestion for Cancer

Kim, Bill J.; O'Connell, Theodore
October 1999
American Surgeon;Oct1999, Vol. 65 Issue 10, p905
Academic Journal
Gastrojejunostomy after resection for gastric cancer has been associated with a variety of complications, including bile reflux gastritis, marginal ulcers, and afferent loop syndrome. Gastroduodenostomy, although more physiologic, has not been recommended because of the fear of obstruction due to tumor recurrence. A review of 62 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma who underwent gastric resection from 1986 to 1996 was performed. Of the 62 patients, 52 (83%) underwent subtotal gastric resection and 10 (17%) underwent total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction due to tumor location. Forty-seven (90%) of the 52 patients underwent gastroduodenostomy, and 5 (10%) of these patients underwent gastrojejunostomy due to operative findings of excessive tumor burden or the inability to create a safe tension-free anastomosis. Patients who underwent gastroduodenostomies were followed for a period of 6 months to 5 years and had a median survival of 2.5 years. Two (4.2%) of the 47 patients obstructed due to tumor recurrence at 2 and 4 years postoperatively. One patient (2%) had symptomatic bile reflux gastritis, which was treated conservatively without reoperation. There were no incidences of marginal ulcers. In conclusion, gastroduodenostomy should be considered for patients undergoing resection for gastric cancer due to its physiological benefits and acceptable rate of obstruction.


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