Aydin, Ă–mer
June 2005
Ekev Academic Review;Summer2005, Vol. 9 Issue 24, p75
Academic Journal
In this article, it is discussed the two concepts of Islam, predestination and free will according to Muhammad Abduh's opinion. Hence, it is especially treated his refutation the doctrine of compulsion. According to him man has got free will. In this conjunction it is subjected the belief of fatality and Jabriyya in early Islam. So, it is pointed out that in Abduh's opinion, the absence of difference between an individual moving his way to eat and its being moved by shivering from cold. According to Muhammad Abduh, Muslims have fallen in conflicts and separated as many groups. His classifications of all those groups are listed. Some related concepts, like acquisition, the acts of Allah, predetermination, polytheism, created thing, divine prosperity in creation are pointed out. Finally it is underlined that Abduh might not be a fatalist. Hence, it is aimed that two concepts of fate and destiny in Qur'an do not support fatalism.


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