Enhancement of Bio-Protective Functions by Low Dose/Dose-Rate Radiation

Sakai, Kazuo; Nomura, Takaharu; Ina, Yasuhiro
October 2006
Dose-Response;2006, Vol. 4 Issue 4, p327
Academic Journal
Effects of low-dose-rate gamma-irradiation on the process of tumorigenesis were investigated in mice treated with a carcinogenic agent or irradiated with high dose X-rays at a high dose rate. A prolonged gamma irradiation at approximately 1 mGy/hr suppressed the appearance of skin tumors induced by methylcholanthrene and delayed the appearance of radiation-induced thymic lymphomas in C57BL/6 mice. We also investigated the effects of low-dose-rate irradiation on disease model mice. In Type II diabetic C57BL/KsJ-db/db (db) mice, the urine glucose level was improved in some of the mice irradiated at 0.70 mGy/hr, but not in non-irradiated control mice. In MRL-1pr/1pr (1pr) mice with severe autoimmune diseases, immunological status was kept better in the mice irradiated at 0.35 or 1.2 mGy/hr. The incidence of a number of symptoms, including lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly and proteinuria, was suppressed by the irradiation. Furthermore, in both of the strains, the low-dose-rate irradiation prolonged the life span of the irradiated mice.


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