TITLE

A PVC plasticized membrane sensor for nickel ions

AUTHOR(S)
Girish Kumar, Krishnapillai; Poduval, Remalakshmy; John, Sareena; Augustine, Pearl
PUB. DATE
January 2007
SOURCE
Microchimica Acta;Jan2007, Vol. 156 Issue 3/4, p283
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A new PVC membrane sensor, which is highly selective towards Ni (II) ions, has been developed using a thiophene-derivative Schiff base as the ionophore. The best performance was exhibited by the membrane having the composition percentage ratio of 5:3:61:31 (ionophore:NaTPB:DBP:PVC) (w/w), where NaTPB is the anion excluder, sodium tetraphenylborate and DBP is the plasticizing agent (dibutyl phthalate). The membrane exhibited a good Nernstian response for nickel ions over the concentration range of 1.0 × 10−1–5.0 × 10−6 M (limit of detection is 1.8 × 10−6 M) with a slope of 29.5 ± 1.0 mV per decade of activity. It has a fast response time of <20 s and can be used for a period of 4 months with good reproducibility. The sensor is suitable for use in aqueous solutions of a wide pH range of 3.2–7.9. The sensor shows high selectivity to nickel ions over a large number of mono-, bi- and trivalent cations. It has been successfully used as an indicator electrode in the potentiometric titration of nickel ions against EDTA and also for direct determination of nickel content in real samples – wastewater samples from electroplating industries and Indian chocolates.
ACCESSION #
23368780

 

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