TITLE

Comparison of the efficiencies of different types of adsorbents at trapping currently used pesticides in the gaseous phase using the technique of high-volume sampling

AUTHOR(S)
Dobson, Rowan; Scheyer, Anne; Rizet, Anne Laure; Mirabel, Philippe; Millet, Maurice
PUB. DATE
December 2006
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Dec2006, Vol. 386 Issue 6, p1781
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Atmospheric samples were collected in an urban area (Strasbourg centre) in spring/summer 2004, in order to determine the concentrations of different pesticides in the gaseous and particulate phases and to compare the efficiencies of different adsorbents at trapping the gaseous phase. Two high-volume samplers were placed next to each other in the botanical garden in the centre of Strasbourg. Air sampling was carried out using a glass fibre filter and different adsorbents for 48 hrs. The following adsorbents and combinations of adsorbents were compared: XAD-2 with PUF, XAD4 with PUF, XAD-2 with a PUF-XAD2-PUF sandwich, PUF with a PUF-XAD4-PUF sandwich. In order of efficiency at trapping pesticides, the “sandwiches” are the most efficient, followed by XAD-2 and XAD-4 resins. However, although the “sandwiches” are slightly better at trapping than XAD-2, the use of XAD-2 is recommended for technical reasons. The PUFs are the least efficient at trapping. Among the 27 pesticides analysed, trifluralin, alachlor, metolachlor and captan were the most concentrated pesticides, followed by lindane, alpha-endosulfan and diflufenican. This result is in accordance with farming activity in the Alsace region, where the pesticides that are used on large crops (maize, cereals) are applied in the greatest quantities. Vineyards are another important form of agriculture in Alsace, but the quantities of pesticides applied in comparison to those used on large crops is very low, which explains the low detection of vineyard pesticides in air samples observed here. The concentrations are depend on the identities and properties of the pesticides analysed, but on the whole they remain rather low. It is important to perform measurements like these in the urban environment, as these compounds can be harmful to human health and the environment and so their concentrations need to be monitored.
ACCESSION #
23150745

 

Related Articles

  • Comparison of Active versus Passive Atmospheric Samplers for Some Current-Use Pesticides. Waite, D. T.; Droneck, N. R.; Tuduri, L.; Sproull, J. F.; Chau, D. F.; Quiring, D. V. // Bulletin of Environmental Contamination & Toxicology;Jun2005, Vol. 74 Issue 6, p1011 

    The study investigates the sampling rate of passive samples using polyurethane foam (PUF) disks for ten currently-used herbicides as well as lindane. The herbicides were dicamba, MCPA, bromoxynil, 2,4-D, ethalfluralin, trifluralin, atrazine, triallate, alachlor and metolachlor. Pairs of passive...

  • EFFECT OF CADMIUM ON GROWTH, FLOWERING AND FRUITING OF ZEA MAYS L. AND POSSIBLE ROLES OF TRIACONTANOL IN ALLEVIATING CADMIUM TOXICITY. Ahmad, H. F. S.; Metwally, H. H.; El-Shafey, A. S. // International Journal of Academic Research;Sep2012, Vol. 4 Issue 5, p5 

    To assess the effect of exogenous application of triacontanol (TRIA) as a presowing-grain treatment or foliar spray on growth, flowering and fruiting of maize (Zea mays L.) plants grown in abscence or presence of cadmium, an experiment was performed in the Botanical garden of Faculty of Science,...

  • GARDENERS' DIGEST.  // Garden;May2004, Vol. 129 Issue 5, p332 

    Presents news briefs on gardening in Great Britain as of May 1, 2004. Funding for the Middleton, the National Botanic Garden of Wales; Percentage of gardeners who avoid using pesticides so they can attract more wildlife to their gardens; Product to prevent window strikes of birds.

  • Sorbent impregnated polyurethane foam disk passive air samplers for investigating current-use pesticides at the global scale. Koblizkova, Martina; Lee, Sum Chi; Harner, Tom // Atmospheric Pollution Research;2012, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p456 

    A pilot study conducted at a subset of 20 sites operated under the GAPS (Global Atmospheric Passive Sampling) Network compared the performance of two types of passive samplers for measuring air concentrations of currently-used pesticides, during 3-month deployment periods. The conventional...

  • Pollution fears prompt ban on two herbicides. Spackman, Paul // Farmers Weekly;3/23/2007, Vol. 146 Issue 12, p6 

    The article deals with the proposed ban on the use of isoproturon (IPU) and trifluralin as weedkillers in Great Britain. Trifluralin and IPU are to be banned following concerns about the threat they pose to water quality. The Pesticides Safety Directorate announced that all products containing...

  • A preemergence control primer. Gardner, David // Landscape Management;Jan2005, Vol. 44 Issue 1, p52 

    The article focuses on the availability of effective herbicides for turfgrasses. Several annual weeds of turfgrass have extended germination windows, making it difficult to effectively control them with a preemergence herbicide. The best defense against weeds, especially annual grasses and...

  • Growth Rate of Scenedesmus acutus (Meyen) in Cultures Exposed to Trifluralin. Cetin, A. K.; Mert, N. // Polish Journal of Environmental Studies;2006, Vol. 15 Issue 4, p631 

    The objective of this study was to determine the effect of trifluralin on the growth of Scenedesmus acutus in comparison to growth without trifluralin during 5 days. For growth in trifluralin 20-40 µg/l, four days of S. acutus growth occurred compared to growth in the absence of trifluralin....

  • RE: “CANCER INCIDENCE AMONG PESTICIDE APPLICATORS EXPOSED TO ALACHLOR IN THE AGRICULTURAL HEALTH STUDY”. Poole, Charles; Cullen, Mark; Irons, Richard; Acquavella, John // American Journal of Epidemiology;Jan2005, Vol. 161 Issue 1, p101 

    A letter to the editor is presented in response to the article "Cancer Incidence Among Pesticide Applicators Exposed to Alachlor in the Agricultural Health Study."

  • Adsorptive Behavior of Acetochlor on Organoclay Complexes. El-Nahhal, Y. // Bulletin of Environmental Contamination & Toxicology;Jun2003, Vol. 70 Issue 6, p1104 

    The article reports on adsorptive behavior of acetochior on organoclay complexes. Acetochior is a selective pre-emergence herbicide used to control broadleaf weeds and annual grasses in corn. Acetochior is moderately persistent in the environment and is moderately to very mobile in soil. As a...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics