Mortality from non-malignant diseases in a cohort of female pulp and paper workers in Norway

Langseth, H.; Kjærheim, K.
November 2006
Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Nov2006, Vol. 63 Issue 11, p741
Academic Journal
Objectives: The objective of the present study was to investigate the risk of death from non-malignant diseases in female pulp and paper workers in Norway. Methods: A total of 3143 women first employed between 1920-93 were included in the study cohort. Information about each cohort member was obtained from personnel record files in the mills in order to identify employment periods and job categories. Data on cause and date of death were added by linkage to the Cause of Death Register using unique personal identification numbers. The follow up period was 1951-2000. Standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% Cls) were calculated using the national female mortality rates as reference. Poisson regression analysis was used to examine internal relations between the duration of employment in paper departments and the risk of death from selected causes. Relative risks (RRs) and 95% CIs were calculated. Results: The study showed a significantly increased risk for total non-malignant mortality (SMR = 1.14, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.24), mainly due to increased mortality from ischaemic heart disease (SMR= 1.22, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.43) and cerebrovascular diseases (SMR= 1.16, 95% CI 0.94 to 1.42). Analysis by department showed the highest risk of death in paper department workers with short term employment. Internal analyses showed a 5% and 9% increase in risk of dying from ischaemic heart disease and respiratory diseases, respectively, among paper department workers exposed to paper dust. The risk decreased with increasing duration of employment. Conclusion: The increased risk of ischaemic heart diseases and respiratory diseases seen among employees of paper departments may be related to exposure to paper dust.


Related Articles

  • Suicides, Homicides, Accidents, and Other External Causes of Death among Blacks and Whites in the Southern Community Cohort Study. Sonderman, Jennifer S.; Munro, Heather M.; Blot, William J.; Tarone, Robert E.; McLaughlin, Joseph K. // PLoS ONE;Dec2014, Vol. 9 Issue 12, p1 

    Prior studies of risk factors associated with external causes of death have been limited in the number of covariates investigated and external causes examined. Herein, associations between numerous demographic, lifestyle, and health-related factors and the major causes of external mortality,...

  • Urbanization and place of death for the elderly: a 10-year population-based study. Herng-Ching Lin; Yen-Ju Lin; Tsai-Ching Liu; Chin-Shyan Chen; Chia-Chin Lin // Palliative Medicine;Dec2007, Vol. 21 Issue 8, p705 

    Objectives: To explore the association between the place of death and the level of urbanization within the communities where the elderly were residing at the time of their death. Methods: A retrospective, population-based, cross-sectional study set in Taiwan, involving a total of 697 814...

  • Annual Update: 2000 Mortality Statistics: Cause (England and Wales).  // Health Statistics Quarterly;Spring2002, Vol. 13, p68 

    The article presents statistics on deaths occurring in England and Wales in 2000 as analysed by sex, age and cause. The Ninth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases is used to classify deaths. The number of deaths that have occurred in England and Wales has declined by 3.7...

  • Independent Nurse: Vital Statistics - Heart disease.  // GP: General Practitioner;1/26/2007, p81 

    The article presents information on the vital statistics on coronary heart disease (CHD) in Great Britain. As per the report, there is 35.9% fall in premature death caused by CHD since 1996. It is observed that the British government is on track to achieve its target of a 40 percent minimum...

  • Socioeconomic differentials in cause-specific mortality among 1.4 million South Korean public servants and their dependents. Jung-Choi, K.; Khang, Y. H.; Cho, H. J. // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Jul2011, Vol. 65 Issue 7, p632 

    Background A growing number of investigations have explored the contribution of cause of death to socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in Europe and North America, but few such studies have been performed on Asian populations. Objectives To analyse the socioeconomic inequality of...

  • Men Associated with Good Prognosis after Return of Spontaneous Circulation after Out-of Hospital Cardiac Arrest: a Retrospective Study in One Emergency Center. Se Jong Oh; Jin Joo Kim; Sung Youn Hwang; Sung Youl Hyun; Hyuk Jun Yang; Gun Lee // Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine;2012, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p24 

    Background: The aim of this study was to analyze the gender factors associated with good or bad prognosis after return of spontaneous circulation after out-of hospital cardiac arrest. Methods: The patients admitted to the intensive care unit after successful resuscitation after out-of hospital...

  • Meat consumption and diet quality and mortality in NHANES III. Kappeler, R; Eichholzer, M; Rohrmann, S // European Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Jun2013, Vol. 67 Issue 6, p598 

    Background/Objectives:There is growing evidence that meat consumption is associated with total and cause-specific mortality. Our objective was to evaluate the association of meat intake and the healthy eating index (HEI) with total mortality, cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD)...

  • Food-related choking deaths among the elderly. Kramarow, Ellen; Warner, Margaret; Li-Hui Chen // Injury Prevention (1353-8047);Jun2014, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p200 

    During 2007–2010 in the USA, 2214 deaths among people aged ≥65 were attributed to choking on food. The death rate for this cause is higher among the elderly than among any other age group. Using data from the US National Vital Statistics System, we examined the relationship between...

  • Asymmetric and Symmetric Dimethylarginine as Risk Markers for Total Mortality and Cardiovascular Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies. Schlesinger, Sabrina; Sonntag, Svenja R.; Lieb, Wolfgang; Maas, Renke // PLoS ONE;11/3/2016, Vol. 11 Issue 11, p1 

    Background: A growing number of studies linked elevated concentrations of circulating asymmetric (ADMA) and symmetric (SDMA) dimethylarginine to mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. To summarize the evidence, we conducted a systematic review and quantified associations of ADMA and...


Read the Article


Sign out of this library

Other Topics