Bursa Ermenileri Üzerine Bazı Saptamalar ve Orhangazi'de Ermeni Olayları (1914-1922)

Yüceer, Saime
May 2006
Journal of Academic Studies;May-Jul2006, Vol. 8 Issue 29, p27
Academic Journal
Muslim and non-muslim populations of the Ottoman Empire had always been a strong model for living together in serenity, peace and harmony as citizens of the state. But with the decline of the empire, the situation changed. The imperialist forces manipulated minorities for dividing the Ottoman Empire. One such ethnical group used for these plans were the Armenians, who obtained important benefits from the 1856 Reform Firman. The Armenian problem, which had developed as a result of long time ongoing policies, finally in 1878 moved to the international arena. During the final quarter of the 19th Century, the Armenian incidents began to erupt and continuously increased. The Armenians, who once were known as the most devoted, loyal elements of the empire, had become a part of the imperialistic strategy and also became enemies to their own state. This situation led to the formation of the "others" perception between Turks and Armenians, and it deepened continuously. Sequences of events started to be seen in Bursa and especially in the Orhangazi County of Bursa and some surrounding villages. Armenians in Bursa had started to be organized during the 1890's, and were actively involved in movements against the state, becoming increasingly dangerous during the First World War This was the determining factor of the migration decision of regarding Armenians in Bursa. Armenians who returned to Bursa after the War continued having close contact with the Greek armies and took part in militant activities against Turks during the Greek occupation. Most of the Armenian population, who acted as a member of the occupying forces in the land they lived, left the area with the Greek armies when Turks won the War of Independence.


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