TITLE

Nitric oxide donors attenuate increase in pressure drop across membrane oxygenators

AUTHOR(S)
de Somer, F.; Foubert, L.; Schacht, E.; van Nooten, G.
PUB. DATE
September 1999
SOURCE
Perfusion;1999, Vol. 14 Issue 5, p331
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
We have evaluated the effect of nitric oxide (NO) on the pressure drop across a membrane oxygenator in one in vitro model and two in vivo models (using four dogs and five pigs). In all the experiments sodium nitroprusside (SNP) was used as a NO source, whereas gaseous NO was only used in the in vitro model. The drugs were given when the pressure drop or resistance across the device increased to at least twice the baseline values. In the in vitro model, both SNP and gaseous NO decreased the pressure drop to 75% of its peak value after 10 min and to 67% after 20 min. In the dog model, resistance decreased from 390 to 153 mmHg/l/min after 5 min and to 85 mmHg/l/min after 20 min for a baseline value of 75 mmHg/l/min. The initial resistance across the membrane oxygenator in the pig model increased from 6.6 ± 1.3 to 74 ± 38 mmHg/l/min. An infusion of 10 μ/kg/min SNP reduced the resistance to 16 ± 5 mmHg/l/min.
ACCESSION #
2301680

 

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