TITLE

Effects of Tomatoes on the Lipid Profile

AUTHOR(S)
Blum, Arnon; Merei, Monir; Kareem, Ameen; Blum, Nava; Ben-Arzi, Sharon; Wirsansky, Irit; Khazim, Khalid
PUB. DATE
October 2006
SOURCE
Clinical & Investigative Medicine;Oct2006, Vol. 29 Issue 5, p298
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: The Mediterranean diet has been reported to reduce cardiovascular mortality and morbidity considerably. Tomatoes and lycopene are considered potent antioxidants. Our purpose was to study the effects of a tomatoes-rich diet on the lipid profile following 300g daily of tomatoes for one month. Methods: Plasma concentrations of triglyceride, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and VLDL-cholesterol were determined in 98 apparently healthy volunteers (mean age 45.5 ±14.1 yr) before and after one month of follow-up. Fifty volunteers (34 women and 16 men) ate tomatoes 300g daily and 48 volunteers (32 women and 16 men) continued their regular diet without eating tomatoes for a month. Results: In the regular diet group, there were no changes in the lipid profile: triglyceride level (169.6±156.8 vs. 147.6±93.4mg/dl; P=0.33), total cholesterol level (198.3±41.2mg/dl vs. 204.2±70.9mg/dl; P=0.23) HDL-cholesterol level (50.6±12.2mg/dl vs. 47.6±10.8mg/dl; P=0.79), and LDL-cholesterol level (122.7±39.4mg/dl vs. 120.2±32.2mg/dl; p=0.24) before and after the 1 month of follow-up. In the tomato-rich diet group: triglyceride level 170.8±85.4mg/dl to 167.4±99.4mg/dl (P=0.98), total cholesterol level 207.5±44.3mg/dl to 204.1±45.1mg/dl (P=0.68), HDL-cholesterol level 46.1±10.6mg/dl to 53.4±13.3mg/dl (P=0.03), and LDL-cholesterol level 127.7±41.8mg/dl to 119.1±41.7mg/dl (P=0.57). Conclusion: We found that tomatoes'-rich diet (300g daily for one month) increased HDL-cholesterol level significantly by 15.2%.
ACCESSION #
22955040

 

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