A validated method for the determination of traces of UV filters in fish using LC–MS/MS

Meinerling, Maria; Daniels, Marion
December 2006
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Dec2006, Vol. 386 Issue 5, p1465
Academic Journal
An analytical method for the determination of UV filter substances in fish tissue has been developed and validated using benzophenone-3, 3-(4-methylbenzylidene)-camphor, 2-ethylhexyl-2-cyano-3,3-diphenyl-2-propenoate and 2-ethylhexyl 3-(methoxyphenyl)-2-propenoate as target analytes. The fish fillets were homogenised and extracted by Soxhlet extraction. The extracts were run through a clean-up process including gel permeation chromatography followed by solid-phase extraction. Quantification of the compounds was performed using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometric detection. Blank fish as well as spiked blank fish were analysed to validate the analytical method. The analytical method developed has the multiple advantages of enabling separation, simultaneous identification and quantification of each of the four selected compounds in a single run. Contamination of blank samples and abnormally high concentrations in spiked samples were avoided by taking extensive precautions during the fish preparation procedure. The method was validated in accordance with internationally accepted criteria, such as specificity, accuracy and repeatability. The combination of LC with tandem mass spectrometry ensures a high level of specificity. The accuracy of the method was reported as the mean recovery rate for the analytes in the sample matrix. Mean recoveries were in the range 86–108%. The precision is expressed as the relative standard deviation, and in all but one of the cases was 20% or below. The accuracy of the method allows residue analyses to be performed on biological matrices at ng/g levels. The determined limit of quantification for each analyte was 8 ng/g fish. For all spiking levels ≥8 ng/g, relative standard deviations were ≤ 20%.


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