TITLE

Mechanical performance of cylindrical and dual core pedicle screws in calf and human vertebrae

AUTHOR(S)
Lill, C. A.; Schneider, E.; Goldhahn, J.; Haslemann, A.; Zeifang, F.
PUB. DATE
November 2006
SOURCE
Archives of Orthopaedic & Trauma Surgery;Nov2006, Vol. 126 Issue 10, p686
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Failure of pedicle screws by loosening and back out remains a significant clinical problem. Pedicle screw fixation is determined by bone mineral density, pedicle morphology and screw design. The objective of this study was to compare the holding strength of newly developed dual core pedicle screws having a cylindrical design in terms of outer diameter and two cylindrical inner core regions connected by a conical transition with conventional cylindrical pedicle screws. Fifty bovine lumbar vertebrae and 40 human lumbar vertebrae were used. Five different screws were tested in nine experimental “settings” and ten specimens each. The screws were tested for cranial displacement and pullout strength before and after 5,000 cycles of cranio-caudal loading. The tests included a setting with fully inserted and 4 mm backed out screws. For statistical analysis the incomplete balanced block design was used. Cyclic loading led to a decrease of pullout force between 24 and 31% and a 9% increase of displacement. The cylindrical screw designs were affected more than the dual core designs. The pullout force of cylindrical screws was smaller than of dual core screws. Even in a backed out condition dual core screws showed a significantly smaller displacement than cylindrical screws. Pedicle screws with the dual core design provide good anchorage in the vertebra.
ACCESSION #
22896933

 

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