TITLE

On Customized Goods, Standard Goods, and Competition

AUTHOR(S)
Syam, Niladri B.; Kumar, Nanda
PUB. DATE
September 2006
SOURCE
Marketing Science;Sep/Oct2006, Vol. 25 Issue 5, p525
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In this study, we examine firms' incentive to offer customized products in addition to their standard products in a competitive environment. We offer several key insights. First, we delineate market conditions in which firms will (will not) offer customized products in addition to their standard products. Surprisingly, we find that when firms offer customized products they are able to not only expand demand, but can also increase the prices of their standard products relative to when they do not. Second, we find that when a firm offers customized products it is a dominant strategy for it to also offer its standard product. This result highlights the role of standard products and the importance of retaining them when firms offer customized products. Third, we identify market conditions under which ex-ante symmetric firms will adopt symmetric or asymmetric customization strategies. Fourth, we highlight how the degree of customization offered in equilibrium is affected by market parameters. We find that the degree of customization is lower when both firms offer customized products relative to the case when only one firm offers customized products. Finally, we show that customizing products under competition does not lead to a prisoner's dilemma.
ACCESSION #
22883065

 

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