Decreased Expression of CD3ζ and Nuclear Transcription Factor κB in Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis: Potential Mechanisms and Reversibility with Treatment

Zea, Arnold H.; Culotta, Kirk S.; Ali, Juzar; Mason, Carol; Park, Hae-Joon; Zabaleta, Jovanny; Garcia, Luis F.; Ochoa, Augusto C.
November 2006
Journal of Infectious Diseases;11/15/2006, Vol. 194 Issue 10, p1385
Academic Journal
Background. The protective immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis relies both on antigen-presenting cells and on T lymphocytes. In patients with different forms of tuberculosis, varying degrees of T cell function—ranging from positive delayed-type hypersensitivity, in asymptomatic infected healthy individuals, to the absence of the response, in patients with miliary or pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB)—have been reported. The decreased expression of CD3ζ reported in T cells from patients with either cancer or leprosy has provided possible explanations for the altered immune response observed in these diseases. Methods. The present study aimed to compare the expression of CD3ζ, nuclear transcription factor-κB (NFκB), arginase activity, and cytokine production in 20 patients with PTB, in 20 tuberculin-positive asymptomatic subjects, and in 14 tuberculin-negative control subjects. Results. Compared with those in tuberculin (purified protein derivative)-negative control subjects, peripheral-blood T lymphocytes from patients with active PTB had significantly (P < .001) decreased expression of CD3ζ and absence of the p65/p50 heterodimer of NF-κB. These alterations were reversed only in patients who responded to treatment. Also reported here for the first time is that the presence of arginase activity in peripheral-blood mononuclear-cell lysates of patients with PTB parallels high production of interleukin-10. Conclusions. The presence of arginase could, in part, explain the decreased expression of CD3ζ. These findings provide a novel mechanism that may explain the T cell dysfunction observed in patients with PTB.


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