100 Years of Professionalism in Services for People Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired

Welsh, Richard L.
September 2006
Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness;Sep2006, Vol. 100 Issue 9, p517
Academic Journal
The article deals with the changes in professionalism in the field of work for people who are blind. In the past, many regarded the field as primarily charity work for less fortunate people. But Francis Campbell, blind teacher of students who were blind, developed a scientific approach to this work. He began one of the first university training programs for teachers of students who were blind in England. As the certification and training standards for orientation and mobility specialists continued to evolve, the body of knowledge grew.


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