AIDS Drugs in Africa: An Overview

Farrell, Courtney; Sprague, Nancy
March 2019
Points of View: AIDS Drugs in Africa;3/29/2019, p1
AIDS, or acquired immune deficiency syndrome, results from infection by the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV. The virus destroys cells of the immune system, leaving the body vulnerable to a variety of opportunistic infections. Untreated HIV-positive people eventually fall ill with secondary infections. Months or years may elapse between the initial infection and the first symptoms, so people often spread the disease before they know they are infected. The virus is primarily transmitted sexually, but may also be passed on through blood transfusions, sharing needles, or other activities involving an exchange of bodily fluids. It can even be passed on from infected mothers to their newborn babies.


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