TITLE

Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Self-reported Sexually Transmitted Infections in Slovenia in 2000

AUTHOR(S)
Grgič-Vitek, Marta; Švab, Igor; Klavs, Irena
PUB. DATE
October 2006
SOURCE
Croatian Medical Journal;2006, Vol. 47 Issue 5, p722
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Aim To estimate the prevalence of self-reported sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and examine the associations between self-reported STIs and sociodemographic and behavioral factors among sexually active Slovenians aged 18-49 years. Methods Data were collected during 1999-2001 from a probability sample of the general population at respondents' homes by a combination of face-to-face interviews and anonymous self-administered questionnaires. Statistical methods for complex survey data were used to account for stratification, clustered sampling, and weighing. Results The proportion of sexually active Slovenian population that reported ever being diagnosed with an STI, excluding pelvic inflammatory disease and vaginal discharge for women, was 5.5% for men and 5.1% for women. Gonorrhea was the most commonly self-reported STI among men (3.7%) and hepatitis B among women (1.7%). Independent risk factors associated with self-reported STIs included having concurrent heterosexual relationships during lifetime [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) for men 3.3 (CI 1.3-8.6) and for women 2.3 (CI 1.0-5.3)], ever having paid for sex for men (AOR 4.0, CI 1.5-10.7), and having at least 10 lifetime heterosexual partners for women (AOR 4.7, CI 1.7-13.0). Conclusion Our estimates of lifetime prevalence of self-reported STIs in a probability sample of Slovenian men and women aged 18 to 49 indicate a substantial national burden of STIs. The results could be used in shaping national STI prevention and control policies and strategies. Identification of risk factors associated with self-reported STIs provide a basis for targeting prevention and control efforts to individuals at higher risk.
ACCESSION #
22801568

 

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