Stephens, Torrance; Braithwahe, Ronald; Conerly, Rhonda
March 2005
American Journal of Health Studies;2005, Vol. 20 Issue 1/2, p66
Academic Journal
This study was intended to evaluate self-reported injection drug use as reported by a sample of soon-to-be-released adult male inmates in Georgia. The study participants were enrolled in a randomized trial of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus/ recidivism prevention program. Analyses involved calculating measures of linear association in the form of chi square to examine relationships between selected variables, injection drug use, and needle-sharing behavior prior to incarceration. Findings suggest that African American inmates reported significantly less IV druguse than whites and others (X ² = 37.4, p <.01, df=2). No statistically significant differences were evidenced in self-reported IV drug use between sample participants with respect to education. However, African American inmates were more likely to report sharing needles than were whites and others. Findings suggest the need for expanded intervention efforts in prisons leading to ward effective clinic-and community-based programs to reduce IV druguse among inmate populations.


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