Review: Lung expansion modalities and selective nasogastric decompression prevent postoperative pulmonary complications

September 2006
ACP Journal Club;Sep/Oct2006, Vol. 145 Issue 2, p38
Academic Journal
The article presents information on ways to reduce postoperative pulmonary complications after noncardiothoracic surgery. The study was conducted by V.A. Lawrence, J.E. Cornell and G.W. Smetana. The study found that postoperative lung expansion therapy and selective nasogastric decompression proved beneficial in stopping postoperative pulmonary complications after noncardiothoracic surgery.


Related Articles

  • Effect of Gum Chewing on Prevention of Post Cesarean Ileus. Akhlaghi, F.; Pourjavad, M.; Mansouri, A.; Tara, F.; Vahedian, M. // HAYAT;2008, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p84 

    Background & Aim: Post cesarean ileus is a common complication that induces abdominal distention, delays feeding, and increases hospitalization. Multiple studies showed that false nutrition increases the bowel movement. This study aimed to investigate the effect of gum chewing as false nutrition...

  • A single dose of preoperative gabapentin for pain reduction and requirement of morphine after total mastectomy and axillary dissection: Randomized placebo-controlled double-blind trial. Grover, V. K.; Mathew, P. J.; Yaddanapudi, S.; Sehgal, S. // Journal of Postgraduate Medicine;Oct2009, Vol. 55 Issue 4, p257 

    Background: Gabapentin has been recently found to be useful for reducing acute postoperative pain when administered preoperatively. Although various dose regimens have been tried in different surgical settings, the minimum effective dose is not established. Aims: We aimed to evaluate the...

  • Review: long acting β2 adrenoceptor agonists are effective in poorly reversible chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Appleton, S.; Poole, P.; Smith, B. // Evidence Based Medicine;Feb2007, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p12 

    The article presents a study which examines the effect of long acting beta adrenoceptor agonists (LABAs) in poorly reversible chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A randomized controlled trials that compared LABAs, particularly salmeterol or formoterol, with placebo in patients who had...

  • COMMENTARY: Formoterol in addition to tiotropium improved airflow obstruction in chronic obstruction pulmonary disease. Schünemann, Holger J. // ACP Journal Club;Sep/Oct2006, Vol. 145 Issue 2, p39 

    The article presents comments on a study by Van Noord and colleagues to find out the effects of the drug formoterol and tiotropium in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The author observes that the combination therapy adopted by the researchers under controlled experimental...

  • Review: anticholinergics but not β2 agonists reduce exacerbations requiring hospital admission and respiratory deaths in COPD. Salpeter, S. R.; Buckley, N. S.; Salpeter, E. E. // Evidence Based Medicine;Feb2007, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p13 

    The article presents a study which examines the effects of anticholinergics and beta agonists in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A randomized controlled trials that compared anticholinergics or beta agonists with placebo are conducted. The results suggest that...

  • Prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting by metoclopramide combined with dexamethasone: randomised double blind multicentre trial. Wallenborn, Jan; Gelbrich, Götz; Bulst, Detlef; Behrends, Katrin; Wallenborn, Hasso; Rohrbach, Andrea; Krause, Uwe; Kühnast, Thomas; Wiegel, Martin; Olthoff, Derk // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);8/12/2006, Vol. 333 Issue 7563, p324 

    Objectives To determine whether 10 mg, 25 mg, or 50 mg metoclopramide combined with 8 mg dexamethasone, given intraoperatively, is more effective in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting than 8 mg dexamethasone alone, and to assess benefit in relation to adverse drug reactions. Design...

  • A randomized controlled trial of home telecare. Mair, F.; Boland, A.; Angus, R.; Haycox, A.; Hibbert, D.; Bonner, S.; Roberts, C.; Capewell, S.; Bundred, P. // Journal of Telemedicine & Telecare;Aug2002 Supplement 2, Vol. 8, p58 

    We have established a randomized controlled trial of home telecare. The intervention aims to address a growing problem in the National Health Service (NHS), that is, high admission rates of patients with exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Equipment procurement for the...

  • Cyclophosphamide versus Placebo in Scleroderma Lung Disease. Tashkin, Donald P.; Elashoff, Robert; Clements, Philip J.; Goldin, Jonathan; Roth, Michael D.; Furst, Daniel E.; Arriola, Edgar; Silver, Richard; Strange, Charlie; Bolster, Marcy; Seibold, James R.; Riley, David J.; Hsu, Vivien M.; Varga, John; Schraufnagel, Dean E.; Theodore, Arthur; Wise, Robert; Simms, Robert; Wigley, Fredrick; White, Barbara // New England Journal of Medicine;6/22/2006, Vol. 354 Issue 25, p2655 

    Background: We conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial to determine the effects of oral cyclophosphamide on lung function and health-related symptoms in patients with evidence of active alveolitis and scleroderma-related interstitial lung disease. Methods: At 13 clinical...

  • Impact of Baseline Disease Severity Over 26 and 52 Weeks of Treatment with Calcitriol Ointment 3μg/g in Patients with Mild-to-moderate Plaque Psoriasis. Lebwohl, Mark; Preston, Norman; Gottschalk, Ronald W. // Journal of Clinical & Aesthetic Dermatology;Feb2012, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p28 

    Objective: Calcitriol 3μg/g ointment has been shown to be a safe and effective treatment for adults with mild-tomoderate plaque psoriasis. This analysis evaluated the response to calcitriol 3μg/g ointment relative to baseline disease. Design: Retrospective analysis of data from a 12-month...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics