Long-term CO2 emission reduction scenarios in Japan

Masul, Toshihiko; Matsuoka, Yuzuru; Kainuma, Mikiko
January 2006
Environmental Economics & Policy Studies;2006, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p347
Academic Journal
Japan's long-term CO2 emission reduction scenarios are assessed with a computable general equilibrium model with recursive dynamics, which was modified in order to assess the effects of renewable energy supply. The period of assessment is from 2000 to 2050 and the increase of gross domestic product per capita was assumed to be 2% per year. The following scenarios in which the level of CO2 emissions in 2050 will be 30% of the level in 1990 or less are proposed: (1) if the renewable energy supply in 2050 is less than the actual potential, an energy intensity improvement of 2.6% per year will bring about a CO2 emission level of 81 MtC in 2050; (2) if the electricity from renewable energy in 2050 can be supplied to the physical potential, and instead of solar heat, 50% more biomass energy can be supplied than the physical potential, the CO2 emission level in 2050 will be 86 MtC by achieving a 2.0% per year energy intensity improvement. When the above two scenarios are appropriately combined, the CO2 emission level in 2050 becomes 66 MtC. In addition to energy efficiency improvement and renewable energy supply, changes in economic activity such as lower material input and higher labor productivity are also important to achieve the above target.


Related Articles

  • CLA adds fuel to debate. Watts, Andrew; Riley, Jonathan // Farmers Weekly;7/15/2005, Vol. 143 Issue 3, p10 

    Reports on the need for the British government to expand the use of biofuels and biomass to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide according to the Country Land & Business Association. Role of rural enterprises in meeting the challenge of climate change; Annual output of carbon dioxide from...

  • The influence of economic growth, urbanization, trade openness, financial development, and renewable energy on pollution in Europe. Al-Mulali, Usama; Ozturk, Ilhan; Lean, Hooi // Natural Hazards;Oct2015, Vol. 79 Issue 1, p621 

    This study investigates the influence of disaggregated renewable electricity production by source on CO emission in 23 selected European countries for the period of 1990-2013. Panel data techniques were used in examining the relationships. The Pedroni cointegration results indicated that CO...

  • Achieving the "low carbon, green growth" vision in Korea.  // OECD Economic Surveys: Korea;Apr2012, Vol. 2012 Issue 10, p87 

    Korea, which has had the highest growth rate of greenhouse gas emissions in the OECD area since 1990, adopted an ambitious Green Growth Strategy in 2009. It aims at reducing emissions by 30% by 2020 relative to a "business as usual" scenario, implying a 4% cut from the 2005 level. The Strategy...

  • Assessment of Thailand's Energy Policies and CO2 Emissions: Analyses of Energy Efficiency Measures and Renewable Power Generation. Promjiraprawat, Kamphol; Limmeechokchai, Bundit // Energies (19961073);Aug2012, Vol. 5 Issue 8, p3074 

    This study assesses Thailand's energy policies on renewable electricity generation and energy efficiency in industries and buildings. The CO2 emissions from power generation expansion plans (PGEPs) are also evaluated. The PGEPs of CO2 reduction targets of 20% and 40% emissions are also...

  • That's why we should all go to Iceland. Tran, T. C.; Sigurbjornsson, Omar // TCE: The Chemical Engineer;Jun2011, Issue 840, p28 

    The article discusses how to convert stranded or intermittent renewable energy from geothermal, wind or solar sources, as well as captured carbon dioxide (CO2) from industrial emissions into renewable fuel. It also cites the first-generation biofuels made from corn, beet, and sugar, among...

  • HEAT WAVE. Baker, Linda // Oregon Business Magazine;Jun2009, Vol. 32 Issue 6, p26 

    The article discusses the efforts taken by people to start community-owned heating plants in Oregon, as climate changes are threatening the emission levels. Carpenter John Sorenson has developed a collective strategy for reducing carbon dioxide emissions. He is building a community-owned heating...

  • Biomass opps in NW.  // Sustain' Magazine;2009, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p76 

    The article reports on the high opportunities for major industries concerning the rich biomass resources in North West England. A survey commissioned by Envirolink Northwest cites that major industries in the region has the potential to take advantage on biomass resources and reduce its carbon...

  • A Nightmare For Europe's Green Dream. Investor's Business Daily // Investors Business Daily;2/ 6/2014, pA12 

    The article comments on the European countries' reluctance to take actions to reduce their carbon emissions. It refers to the European leaders' agreement to scrap per-nation caps on carbon emissions in a meeting in Brussels, Belgium in January 2014. It focuses on the views of some leaders...

  • Who counts the carbon? Johns, Jonathan // Utility Week;1/16/2009, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p38 

    The article reports that plans to encourage or require companies in Great Britain to generate renewable energy locally or on-site are being hampered by inconsistencies in the policies put in place to promote them. One policy cited is the Carbon Reduction Commitment (CRC) which would require a...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics