TITLE

Acute intralipid infusion reduces cardiac luminal lipoprotein lipase but recruits additional enzyme from cardiomyocytes

AUTHOR(S)
Qi, Dake; Kuo, Kuo-Hsing; Abrahani, Ashraf; An, Ding; Qi, Yadan; Heung, Jessica; Kewalramani, Girish; Pulinilkunnil, Thomas; Ghosh, Sanjoy; Innis, Sheila M.; Rodrigues, Brian
PUB. DATE
October 2006
SOURCE
Cardiovascular Research;Oct2006, Vol. 72 Issue 1, p124
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Abstract: Objective: Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) metabolizes the triglyceride (TG) core of lipoproteins. We evaluated whether circulating lipids can regulate LPL by influencing the transfer of enzyme from the myocyte to the endothelial lumen. Methods: Acute intralipid (IL, 10% and 20%) infusion was performed in male Wistar rats. After 3�h, insulin resistance was assessed using a euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp. Cardiac LPL activity was determined by retrogradely perfusing the hearts with heparin. Immunogold electron microscopy visualized LPL, and heparanase was detected by immunofluorescence. Cardiac myocytes were also isolated, and heparin-releasable LPL activity was measured. Results: IL infusion increased both plasma and cardiac lipids. Circulating basal plasma LPL activity increased for the duration of the infusion. Compared to control (CON) hearts, there was a substantial decrease in heparin-releasable LPL activity at the vascular lumen following 3�h of IL infusion, an effect unrelated to changes in gene and protein expression or whole-body insulin resistance. Although constant perfusion of CON hearts with heparin stripped off most of the luminal bound LPL, hearts from IL-infused animals continued to release excessive amounts of the enzyme, suggesting buildup of LPL within endothelial cells or at the endothelial basolateral surface. Immunogold labeling confirmed this observation and demonstrated robust anti-LPL staining at these sites, only in IL hearts. Perfusing hearts from IL-rats in vitro, in the absence of TG, allowed the accumulated enzyme pool to transfer to the coronary lumen. Conclusion: Our data suggest that acute amplification of lipids reduces cardiac luminal LPL but facilitates additional recruitment of cardiomyocyte enzyme. Should this mechanism occur globally, it could contribute towards management of hyperlipidemia.
ACCESSION #
22281179

 

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