Marital Status and longevity in the United States population

Kaplan, Robert M.; Kronick, Richard G.
September 2006
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Sep2006, Vol. 60 Issue 9, p760
Academic Journal
Purpose: To investigate the relation between marital status and survival. Data sources: The US 1989 national health interview survey (NHIS) merged with the 1997 US national death index. Results: Among 1989 NHIS respondents, 5876 (8.77%) died before 1997 and 61 123 (91.23%) were known to be alive. Controlling for demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, the death rate for people who were unmarried was significantly higher than it was for those who were married and living with their spouses. Although the effect was significant for all categories of unmarried, it was strongest for those who had never married. The never married effect was seen for both sexes, and was significantly stronger for men than for women. For the youngest age group (19-44), the predominant causes of early death among adults who had never married were infectious disease (presumably HIV) and external causes. In the middle aged and older men and women, the predominant causes were cardiovascular and other chronic diseases. Conclusion: Current marriage is associated with longer survival. Among the not married categories, having never been married was the strongest predictor of premature mortality. It is difficult to assess the causal effect of marital status from these observational data.


Related Articles

  • Report: Marriages in England and Wales, 2003.  // Population Trends;Spring2005, Vol. 119, p71 

    Provides statistics on marriages that took place in England and Wales in 2003. Increase in the number of marriages that took place in England and Wales in 2003; Total number of civil marriage ceremonies held in 2003; Average marrying mean age for both men and women.

  • Report: Cohabitation population estimates for England and Wales, 2003.  // Population Trends;Spring2005, Vol. 119, p67 

    Presents a report released by the British Office for National Statistics on the cohabitation population estimates for England and Wales in 2003. Categories of de facto marital status; Method used to determine the 2003 de facto marital status population estimates; Number of adults cohabiting and...

  • Marital status and subjective well-being a changing relationship? Mastekaasa, Arne // Social Indicators Research;Jul93, Vol. 29 Issue 3, p249 

    Analyzes time trends in the relationship between marital status and two outcome measures, suicide rates and self-reported distress. Subjective well-being of married and unmarried people, the widowed and the divorced/ separated; American happiness data; Unfavorable position of never married men;...

  • ONE-PARENT FAMILIES IN EUROPE: A Review. Schlesinger, Ben; Schlesinger, Rachel Aber // International Journal of Sociology of the Family;Autumn94, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p15 

    This article focuses on the one-parent families in Europe. The highest proportions of one-parent families may be observed in the Scandinavian countries, over 20 percent. followed by the Netherlands and Luxembourg. The lowest proportion of one-parent families was found in Ireland after...

  • Sharing their lives: women, marital trends and education. Martin, Laetitia; Feng Hou // Canadian Social Trends;Fall2010, Issue 90, p68 

    The article looks at social trends among women in Canada, focusing on their education and marital status. Information is presented on the prevalence of common-law unions among women with university degrees and educational homogamy between Canadian woman and men. The author also comments on the...

  • Marital Processes, Arranged Marriage, and Contraception to Limit Fertility. Ghimire, Dirgha; Axinn, William // Demography;Oct2013, Vol. 50 Issue 5, p1663 

    An international transition away from familially arranged marriages toward participation in spouse choice has endured for decades and continues to spread through rural Asia today. Although we know that this transformation has important consequences for childbearing early in marriage, we know...

  • Divorcing by the Numbers. Luscombe, Belinda // Time;5/24/2010, Vol. 175 Issue 20, p47 

    The article discusses whether the oft-quoted statistic that half of all marriages in the U.S. end in divorce, reflects the current status of marriage in the U.S. According to Jennifer Baker of the Forest Institute, a postgraduate psychology school in Springfield, Missouri, determining accurate...

  • VITAL STATISTICS.  // Buffalo Law Journal;3/11/2004, Vol. 76 Issue 21, p15 

    Presents vital statistics related to New York. List of births registered in the City of Buffalo from August to October 2003; List of couples issued with marriage licenses in the cities of Cheektowaga, Tonawanda and Buffalo.

  • For richer, if not for poorer? Marriage and divorce over the business cycle. Schaller, Jessamyn // Journal of Population Economics;Jul2013, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p1007 

    Despite anecdotal evidence that recessions affect marriage and divorce rates, researchers do not agree about the direction and magnitude of the relationship. This paper reexamines the effect of business cycles on flows into and out of marriage, finding that increased unemployment rates are...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics