Application of a xenon arc lamp as a light source for evaporative light scattering detection

Gaudin, Karen; Baillet, Arlette; Chaminade, Pierre
March 2006
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Mar2006, Vol. 384 Issue 6, p1302
Academic Journal
The standard tungsten-halogen light source used in a commercial evaporative light scattering detector (ELSD) was replaced with a 180 W xenon arc lamp. The xenon arc lamp possesses a broader spectrum in the UV region than the halogen source. The influence of the UV transmittance of five selected solvents was studied with a size-exclusion chromatography column. This solvent parameter was not observed to influence the ELSD response between the two light source settings. With the solvents studied, better sensitivity was obtained with the xenon arc lamp than the halogen lamp. This high-energy source was applied to ceramide III analysis with an octadecyl-grafted silica column and methanol:tetrahydrofuran 97:3 as the mobile phase, and the sensitivity of the quantification of ceramide III increased 16-fold for injected amounts of 14~140 ng. The molecular species in a sample of naturally occurring ceramides was analyzed using two C18 columns at 40 �C and gradient elution from 100% acetonitrile to 100% isopropanol in 30 min. The increased ELSD sensitivity achieved when using the xenon arc lamp allowed both the minor and major ceramide species to be observed, in contrast to the results achieved when the halogen lamp was used, where the increased photomultiplier voltage needed to observed the signals from the minor species caused the signals from the major ceramide species to occur above the detector response window.


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