TITLE

Effect of Semantic Naming Treatment on Crosslinguistic Generalization in Bilingual Aphasia

AUTHOR(S)
Edmonds, Lisa A.; Kiran, Swathi
PUB. DATE
August 2006
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2006, Vol. 49 Issue 4, p729
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: The effect of semantic naming treatment on crosslinguistic generalization was investigated in 3 participants with English--Spanish bilingual aphasia. Method: A single-subject experimental designed was used. Participants received semantic treatment to improve naming of English or Spanish items, while generalization was tested to untrained semantically related items in the trained language and translations of the trained and untrained items in the untrained language. Results: Results demonstrated a within- and across-languages effect on generalization related to premorbid language proficiencies. Participant 1 (P1; equal premorbid proficiency across languages) showed within-language generalization in the trained language (Spanish) as well as crosslinguistic generalization to the untrained language (English). Participant 2 (P2) and Participant (P3) were more proficient premorbidly in English. With treatment in English, P2 showed within-language generalization to semantically related items, but no crosslinguistic generalization. With treatment in Spanish, both P2 and P3 exhibited no within-language generalization, but crosslinguistic generalization to English (dominant language) occurred. Error analyses indicated an evolution of errors as a consequence of treatment. Conclusions: These results are preliminary because all participants were not treated in both languages. However, the results suggest that training the less dominant language may be more beneficial in facilitating crosslinguistic generalization than training the more proficient language in an unbalanced bilingual individual.
ACCESSION #
21903504

 

Related Articles

  • Nonparallel recovery in bilingual aphasia: Effects of language choice, language proficiency, and treatment. Mali Gil; Mira Goral // International Journal of Bilingualism;Jun2004, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p191 

    We describe a 57-year-old Russian-Hebrew bilingual aphasic patient who received speech-language therapy in his second language (Hebrew) in the first three-and-a-half months post onset and then in his first language (Russian) for an additional month and a half. He was first diagnosed with...

  • Assessing Acquired Language Disorders in Adults via the Internet. Deborah Theodoros; Anne Hill; Trevor Russell; Elizabeth Ward; Richard Wootton // Telemedicine & e-Health;Aug2008, Vol. 14 Issue 6, p552 

    This study evaluated the validity and reliability of assessing aphasia using standard language assessments via an Internet-based videoconferencing system at a bandwidth of 128 Kbps. Thirty-two patients with aphasia from stroke or TBI were assessed by face-to-face or online-led environments....

  • A distinct clinical, neuropsychological and radiological phenotype is associated with progranulin gene mutations in a large UK series. Jonathan Beck; Jonathan D. Rohrer; Tracy Campbell; Adrian Isaacs; Karen E. Morrison; Emily F. Goodall; Elizabeth K. Warrington; John Stevens; Tamas Revesz; Janice Holton; Safa Al-Sarraj; Andrew King; Rachael Scahill; Jason D. Warren; Nick C. Fox; Martin N. Rossor; John Collinge; Simon Mead // Brain: A Journal of Neurology;Mar2008, Vol. 131 Issue 3, p706 

    Mutations in the progranulin gene (GRN) are a major cause of frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitin-positive, tau-negative inclusions (FTLD-U) but the distinguishing clinical and anatomical features of this subgroup remain unclear. In a large UK cohort we found five different...

  • THE MOTO-KINAESTHETIC TREATMENT OF APHASIA. Pfait, Paul L. // Western Speech;May1940, Vol. 4 Issue 4, p5 

    Examines the moto-kinaesthetic treatment of aphasia. Correlation between aphasic disability and loss of other abilities; Re-training of the gross musculature of aphasics in adults; Suggested approach to a method of re-training.

  • aphasia.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p160 

    A definition of the term "aphasia" is presented. It refers to the absence of the ability to communicate due to brain dysfunction. When both sensory and motor areas are involved, aphasia is considered complete or total. Also cited are forms of aphasia, including acquired epileptiform aphasia or...

  • An overview on Primary Progressive Aphasia and its variants. Amici, Serena; Gorno-Tempini, Maria Luisa; Ogar, Jennifer M.; Dronkers, Nina F.; Miller, Bruce L. // Behavioural Neurology;2006, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p77 

    We present a review of the literature on Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA) together with the analysis of neuropschychological and neuroradiologic profiles of 42 PPA patients. Mesulam originally defined PPA as a progressive degenerative disorder characterized by isolated language impairment for...

  • VOICE LESSONS. Ellin, Simone // Baltimore Jewish Times;12/7/2012, Vol. 329 Issue 6, p18 

    The article presents information on aphasia, an impairment of speech and language caused by damage to the brain with reference to the case of Howard, owner of E.J. Snyder Inc. Most people suffering from aphasia experience difficulty reading and writing. However, these speech and language...

  • RECALLED TO LIFE. Sacks, Oliver // New Yorker;10/31/2005, Vol. 81 Issue 34, p46 

    This article discusses a loss of language by patients. Friends and relatives of aphasic patients, indeed, often think that there is more neurological recovery than there actually is, because many such patients develop a remarkable compensatory heightening of other, non-linguistic powers and...

  • The Role of Semantic Complexity in Treatment of Naming Deficits: Training Semantic Categories in Fluent Aphasia by Controlling Exemplar Typicality. Kiran, Swathi; Thompson, Cynthia K. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2003, Vol. 46 Issue 4, p773 

    The effect of typicality of category exemplars on naming was investigated using a single subject experimental design across participants and behaviors in 4 patients with fluent aphasia. Participants received a semantic feature treatment to improve naming of either typical or atypical items...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics