Homogenization of the nonlinear Kelvin�Voigt model of viscoelasticity and of the Prager model of plasticity

Visintin, Augusto
September 2006
Continuum Mechanics & Thermodynamics;Sep2006, Vol. 18 Issue 3/4, p223
Academic Journal
Denoting by $$\sigma$$ the stress tensor, by $$\varepsilon$$ the linearized strain tensor, by A the elasticity tensor, and assuming that $$\varphi$$ is a convex potential, the inclusion $$\partial \varepsilon / \partial t \in \partial \varphi(\sigma - A : \varepsilon)$$ accounts for nonlinear viscoelasticity, and encompasses both the linear Kelvin�Voigt model of solid-type viscoelasticity and the Prager model of rigid plasticity with linear kinematic strain-hardening. This relation is assumed to represent the constitutive behavior of a space-distributed system, and is here coupled with the dynamical equation. An initial- and boundary-value problem is formulated, and the existence and uniqueness of the solution are proved via classical techniques based on compactness and monotonicity. A composite material is then considered, in which the function $$\varphi$$ and the tensor A rapidly oscillate in space. A two-scale model is derived via Nguetseng�s notion of two-scale convergence. This provides a detailed account of the mesoscopic state of the system. Any dependence on the fine-scale variable is then eliminated, and the existence of a solution of a new single-scale macroscopic model is proved. The final outcome is at variance with the nonlinear extension of the generalized Kelvin�Voigt model, which is based on an apparently unjustified mean-field-type hypothesis.


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