TITLE

The 12-Month Prevalence and Trends in DSM -- IV Alcohol Abuse and Dependence

AUTHOR(S)
Grant, Bridget F.; Dawson, Deborah A.; Stinson, Frederick S.; Chou, S. Patricia; Dufour, Mary C.; Pickering, Roger P.
PUB. DATE
June 2006
SOURCE
Alcohol Research & Health;2006, Vol. 29 Issue 2, p79
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Alcohol abuse and dependence can be disabling disorders, but accurate information is lacking on the prevalence of current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) alcohol abuse and dependence and how this has changed over the past decade. The purpose of this study was to present nationally representative data on the prevalence of 12-month DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence in 2001–2002 and, for the first time, to examine trends in alcohol abuse and dependence between 1991–1992 and 2001–2002. Methods: Prevalences and trends of alcohol abuse and dependence in the United States were derived from face-to-face interviews in the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism's (NIAAA) 2001–2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC: n = 43,093) and NIAAA's 1991–1992 National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic Survey (NLAES: n = 42,862). Results: Prevalences of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence in 2001–2002 were 4.65 and 3.81 percent. Abuse and dependence were more common among males and among younger respondents. The prevalence of abuse was greater among Whites than among Blacks, Asians, and Hispanics. The prevalence of dependence was higher in Whites, Native Americans, and Hispanics than Asians. Between 1991–1992 and 2001–2002, abuse increased while dependence declined. Increases in alcohol abuse were observed among males, females, and young Black and Hispanic minorities, while the rates of dependence rose among males, young Black females, and Asian males. Conclusions: This study underscores the need to continue monitoring prevalence and trends and to design culturally sensitive prevention and intervention programs.
ACCESSION #
21515325

 

Related Articles

  • ALCOHOLISM, INDIAN. Levy, Jerrold E. // Encyclopedia of North American Indians (Houghton Mifflin);1996, p16 

    Allegedly, the drunken Indian has been a subject of continuing concern in the United States from the earliest contacts between Europeans and Indians down to the present day. Popular notions about the nature of alcohol and excessive drinking, however, have changed radically over the years. ...

  • STRESS AND SUBSTANCE USE AMONG ASIAN AMERICAN AND LATINO COLLEGE STUDENTS. Ratanasiripong, Paul; Burkey, Heidi; Ratanasiripong, Nop // College Student Journal;Dec2009 Part B, Vol. 43 Issue 4, p1253 

    The present study investigated the relationship between stress and substance use among 347 Asian American, 346 Latino, and 776 White college students. Although stress was not found to predict substance use among the ethnic/ethnic group studied, results of the study indicated that Latino students...

  • Youth Substance Use and Body Composition: Does Risk in One Area Predict Risk in the Other? Pasch, Keryn; Velazquez, Cayley; Cance, Jessica; Moe, Stacey; Lytle, Leslie // Journal of Youth & Adolescence;Jan2012, Vol. 41 Issue 1, p14 

    Both substance use and obesity are prevalent among youth. As youth age, substance use rates increase and over the past three decades, obesity rates among youth have tripled. While these two factors have both short- and long-term health impacts, little research has explored how substance use and...

  • Fitting in.  // Hispanic;Aug/Sep2009, Vol. 22 Issue 5, p11 

    The article focuses on a study which suggests that Hispanic American teenagers who are strongly tied to their native cultures have a greater chance of avoiding risks, such as alcohol and substance abuse, when integrating into U.S. culture. According to Paul Smokowski, who directed the project,...

  • Religiosity Profiles of American Youth in Relation to Substance Use, Violence, and Delinquency. Salas-Wright, Christopher; Vaughn, Michael; Hodge, David; Perron, Brian // Journal of Youth & Adolescence;Dec2012, Vol. 41 Issue 12, p1560 

    Relatively little is known in terms of the relationship between religiosity profiles and adolescents' involvement in substance use, violence, and delinquency. Using a diverse sample of 17,705 (49 % female) adolescents from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, latent profile analysis...

  • Open Groups: Adaptations in Implementing a Parent Training Program. Brock, Donna-Jean P.; Marek, Lydia I.; Matteo-Kerney, Cheryl; Bagby, Tammy // Health Promotion Perspectives;2013, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p230 

    Background: Programs that focus on positive parenting have been shown to improve parental attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors, and increase parent and child bonding. These programs are typically conducted in a closed group format. However, when individual or community needs are more immediate,...

  • Reservation Youth Use More Tobacco than Urban Youth.  // Native American Law Digest;Jan2006, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p14 

    The article reports on the study of the "Journal of Addictive Behaviors" which states that reservation youth are more likely to use tobacco than urban Indian young people. The researchers have also discovered that tobacco-users have more mental health problems, conduct disorder and substance or...

  • Family Protection and Prevention of Alcohol Use Among Hispanic Youth at High Risk. Sale, Elizabeth; Sambrano, Soledad; Springer, J. Fred; Peña, Cynthia; Pan, Wei; Kasim, Rafa // American Journal of Community Psychology;Dec2005, Vol. 36 Issue 3/4, p195 

    Research regarding prevention strategies for Hispanic youth stress the importance of family interventions because of the particular importance of family as a protective factor within the Hispanic community. Starting in 1995, the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention conducted the National...

  • Walking in Balance: Native American Recovery Programmes. Owen, Suzanne // Religions;2014, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p1037 

    This article reviews Native American ritual practices, frameworks and key concepts employed by several substance abuse treatments centres in the U.S. and Canada. It also examines the way Alcoholics Anonymous' Twelve Step programme has been modified to attract and serve the needs of Native...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics