TITLE

Long-term Follow-up of Blood Pressure in Family Members of Soldiers Killed During the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina

AUTHOR(S)
Šantić, Žarko; Lukić, Anita; Sesar, Damir; MiliŽević, Srećko; Ilakovac, Vesna
PUB. DATE
June 2006
SOURCE
Croatian Medical Journal;2006, Vol. 47 Issue 3, p416
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Aim To asses prevalence of essential arterial hypertension in family members of soldiers killed in 1992-1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Methods The study enrolled 1144 subjects who lost a family member in the war and 582 of their close neighbors who experienced no such loss. Data on their medical history and habits were collected, and their blood pressure was recorded in 1996 and 2003. Arterial hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg (≥130 mm Hg in patients with diabetes mellitus), or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg (≥80 mm Hg in patients with diabetes mellitus), or taking antihypertensive therapy. Additional laboratory and clinical tests were performed in subjects with hypertension. Results The prevalence of hypertension at both time points was higher in the group with a killed family member than in the group without the loss (55.1% vs 42.1%, P<0.001 in 1996, and 50.7% vs 39.0%, P<0.001 in 2003, respectively). However, there was also a significant decrease in the prevalence of hypertension in the group with the loss in 2003 (P<0.001), but not in group without the loss. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), smoking, and alcohol consumption were more prevalent in the group with a killed family member, but not cholesterol and triglyceride blood concentrations. In both groups, hypertension was more prevalent in subjects with PTSD and smoking or drinking habit. Proportion of subjects with hypertension who smoked and used alcohol was similar in both groups. Proportion of subjects with hypertension who did not smoke or drink was higher in the group with the loss (51.1% vs 36.7%, P<0.001; 46.2% vs 35.0%, P = 0.006; respectively). Conclusion This study showed higher prevalence of hypertension in family members of killed soldiers, regardless of the presence of other cardiovascular risk factors. Only the stress of mourning was associated with higher prevalence of hypertension. Over time, proportion of hypertensive subjects with the loss decreased in the group with a killed family member, further suggesting that at least a part of their hypertension might have been of psychological origin.
ACCESSION #
21416990

 

Related Articles

  • Studies Highlight Impact of Sept. 11, Iraq War on Adolescents.  // Ascribe Newswire: Health;3/3/2004, p1 

    Three months after the September 11 terrorist attacks in the U.S., 10 percent of black adolescents attending an inner-city Southern high school were reporting clinically significant symptoms of post-traumatic stress. A related study of the psychological and cardiovascular impact on adolescents...

  • Strengthening Our Soldiers (SOS) and Their Families: Contemporary Psychological Advances Applied to Wartime Problems. Why Now? Why Us? What Next? Melamed, Barbara; Cubic, Barbara // Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings;Jun2011, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p109 

    No abstract available.

  • Military Families Interest Group Gets Boost From American Sniper.  // Communique (0164775X);May2015, Vol. 43 Issue 7, p38 

    The article reports that the film "American Sniper" encouraged the Military Families Interest Group for spot-on portrayal of impact of posttraumatic stress syndrome on military family, and mentions that school psychologists have suggested schools to create Wall of Heroes bulletin board.

  • Family Blogging. KNABE, ANN P. // Officer;Nov2009, Vol. 85 Issue 9, p48 

    The article offers information on the blogging service rendered by Elaine Wilson dedicated to several military families in the U.S. It mentions the launching of Wilson's Family Matters blog on August 9, 2009 under the supervision of Linda Kozaryn. Her topics include parenting issues, dealing...

  • Broken by This War. Bannerman, Stacy // Progressive;Mar2007, Vol. 71 Issue 3, p26 

    The article discusses the author's experience as wife of a U.S. soldier who was sent to Iraq. Twenty-four hours after her husband boarded the plane for Iraq, she hung a blue star service flag, denoting an immediate family member in combat. She got involved with Military Families Speak Out, which...

  • Interpersonal Conflict and Referrals to Counseling Among Married Soldiers Following Return From Deployment. Gibbs, Deborah A.; Clinton-Sherrod, A. Monique; Johnson, Ruby E. // Military Medicine;Oct2012, Vol. 177 Issue 10, p1178 

    Deployment represents a significant potential strain on military families. The impact of postdeployment stresses may be increased if family coping resources are diminished by returning service members' physical injuries, mental health issues, or substance abuse. This article examines the health...

  • Moral Injury: A Mechanism for War-Related Psychological Trauma in Military Family Members. Nash, William P.; Litz, Brett T. // Clinical Child & Family Psychology Review;Dec2013, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p365 

    Recent research has provided compelling evidence of mental health problems in military spouses and children, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), related to the war-zone deployments, combat exposures, and post-deployment mental health symptoms experienced by military service members...

  • Observations and Insights About Strengthening Our Soldiers (SOS). Melamed, Barbara; Castro, Carl // Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings;Jun2011, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p210 

    The Special Issue (June 2011) of the Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings titled Strengthening Our Soldiers (SOS) and Their Families: Contemporary Psychological Advances Applied to Wartime Problems revealed the following important concerns: 1) Who is at risk for psychological...

  • Reflections of a First-Time AMHCA Conference Attendee. Fay, R. Brahm // Advocate (American Mental Health Counselors Association);Sep2012, Vol. 35 Issue 7, p12 

    The article offers the author's views on his experience at the American Mental Health Counselors Association (AMHCA) Annual Conference that was held in Orlando, Florida in 2012. He mentions his appreciation to the event's presentations such as "The Power of Vulnerability" and "Warriors and Their...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics