TITLE

Effects of exercise on breast cancer patients and survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis

AUTHOR(S)
McNeely, Margaret L.; Campbell, Kristin L.; Rowe, Brian H.; Klassen, Terry P.; Mackey, John R.; Courneya, Kerry S.
PUB. DATE
July 2006
SOURCE
CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;7/4/2006, Vol. 175 Issue 1, p34
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Physical exercise has been identified as a potential intervention to improve quality of life in women with breast cancer. We sought to summarize the available evidence concerning the effects of exercise on breast cancer patients and survivors. Methods: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychINFO, CancerLit, PEDro and SportDiscus as well as conference proceedings, clinical practice guidelines and other unpublished literature resources. We included only randomized controlled trials that examined exercise interventions for breast cancer patients or survivors with quality of life, cardiorespiratory fitness or physical functioning as primary outcomes. We also extracted data on symptoms of fatigue, body composition and adverse effects. Results: Of 136 studies identified, 14 met all the inclusion criteria. Despite significant heterogeneity and relatively small samples, the point estimates in terms of the benefits of exercise for all outcomes were positive even when statistical significance was not achieved. Exercise led to statistically significant improvements in quality of life as assessed by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (weighted mean difference [WMD] 4.58, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.35 to 8.80) and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast (WMD 6.62, 95% CI 1.21 to 12.03). Exercise also led to significant improvements in physical functioning and peak oxygen consumption and in reducing symptoms of fatigue. Interpretation: Exercise is an effective intervention to improve quality of life, cardiorespiratory fitness, physical functioning and fatigue in breast cancer patients and survivors. Larger trials that have a greater focus on study quality and adverse effects and that examine the long-term benefits of exercise are needed for this patient group.
ACCESSION #
21376665

 

Related Articles

  • Breast cancer patient's quality of life compared to correctable risk factors of life style. Saric, Sabina // HealthMed;Sep2009, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p267 

    Breast cancer is the most frequant malignant among women, it makes-up 25% of all malignant diseases. Deficiency caused by malignant, side effects of medical interventions (arm lymphoedema and limited shoulder movement on the side of operated breast) and life style as self-regulating factor...

  • What advice are oncologists and surgeons in the United Kingdom giving to breast cancer patients about physical activity? Daley, Amanda J.; Bowden, Sarah J.; Rea, Daniel W.; Billingham, Lucinda; Carmicheal, Amtul R. // International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activit;2008, Vol. 5, Special section p1 

    Evidence has shown that physical activity may attenuate the negative physical, psychological and functional effects of treatment in women diagnosed with breast cancer. Physical activity levels also decline substantially during and after completion of treatment for cancer, highlighting the...

  • Review: regular exercise improves quality of life and physical fitness in women with breast cancer. Fitzgerald, Barbara // Evidence Based Nursing;Jan2007, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p12 

    The article reviews a study which examined the association of exercise with improved quality of life and physical fitness in women with breast cancer. Results showed an improvement in the quality of life, cardiorespiratory fitness, physical functioning and well-being of the patients. There was...

  • Effects of a scapula-oriented shoulder exercise programme on upper limb dysfunction in breast cancer survivors: a randomized controlled pilot trial. Seung Ah Lee; Ji-Young Kang; Yong Duck Kim; Ah Ra An; Sung-Won Kim; Yeon-Soo Kim; Jae-Young Lim // Clinical Rehabilitation;Jul2010, Vol. 24 Issue 7, p600 

    Objective: To examine the effects of a scapula-oriented exercise on upper limb dysfunction in breast cancer survivors. Study design: A prospective randomized, controlled pilot trial with historical control. Setting: Rehabilitation department at a university hospital. Subjects: Thirty-two women...

  • Adherence to Physical Activity Guidelines in Breast Cancer Survivors. SMITH, SAVANNA G.; CHAGPAR, ANEES B. // American Surgeon;Sep2010, Vol. 76 Issue 9, p962 

    Physical activity in breast cancer survivors has been shown to improve outcomes. This study evaluated breast cancer patients' adherence to physical activity guidelines in a population-based study. Data from the 2007 National Health Interview Survey were used to compare adherence to physical...

  • Jackie Fenner. Lee, Bonnie // American Fitness;Sep/Oct2006, Vol. 24 Issue 5, p68 

    The article relates how Jackie Fenner, a physical fitness guru, dealt with her breast cancer. Upon finding out, Fenner began researching on breast cancer. Fortunately, her cancer was contained and Fenner believes it is because she is fit and healthy. In an effort to speed up her recovery,...

  • Should cancer victims exercise? Research data remains sketchy.  // Active Living;Sep2007, Vol. 16 Issue 5, p29 

    The article discusses research being done on the significance of exercise to breast cancer patients. It references a study by N. Mutrie and colleagues, published in the 2007 issue of "British Medical Journal." The study examined the psychological and functional effects of an exercise program. It...

  • IS CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS RELATED TO QUALITY OF LIFE IN SURVIVORS OF BREAST CANCER? Herrero, Fernando; Balmer, James; San Juan, Alejandro F.; Foster, Carl; Fleck, Steven J.; Pérez, Margarita; Cañete, Silvia; Ernest, Conrad P.; Lucía, Alegandro // Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research (Allen Press Publish;Aug2006, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p535 

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether indices of cardiorespiratory fitness are related to quality of life (QOL) in women survivors of breast cancer. Using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-30 questionnaire, we assessed the QOL of 16 participants...

  • Breast Cancer Survivors Rebuild Strength with Pilates. Fischbach, Amy Florence // Club Industry;Oct2012, Vol. 28 Issue 10, p12 

    The article offers information regarding the implementation of a program titled Pilates for the breast cancer survivors in the physical fitness centers. It informs that the program helps the people to improve emotionally, physically and cognitively. According to the researchers, exercise offers...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics