Cross-species transferability of G. arboreum-derived EST-SSRs in the diploid species of Gossypium

Guo, Wangzhen; Wang, Wei; Zhou, Baoliang; Zhang, Tianzhen
May 2006
Theoretical & Applied Genetics;May2006, Vol. 112 Issue 8, p1573
Academic Journal
Diploid species with a common Gossypium origin are highly diverse in morphology and have been classified into eight genomic groups designated A–G and K. In this study, the transferability of 207 Gossypium arboreum-derived expressed sequence tag-simple sequence repeat (EST-SSR) primer pairs was examined among 25 different diploid accessions representing 7 genomes and 23 Gossypium species. We found that 124 of the 207 (60%) primer pairs produced amplification products in all 25 accessions. The remaining 83 (40%) primer pairs produced amplification in only a subset of species, ranging from 13 to 22 species, which is consistent with some genome- and species-specific amplification. The cross-species amplification of these EST-SSRs in 22 diploid species was 96.5% in 4,554 combinations (207 SSRs×22 species), indicative of a high transferability among the Gossypium species. Furthermore, a high level of polymorphism with an average number of 6.53 alleles per SSR marker was detected. No correlation was found between the repeat motif type and cross-species amplification. DNA sequencing showed that the high-level polymorphism findings was mainly due to changes in the number of repeat motifs and that the high transferability can be attributed to a higher-level conservation in the flanking regions among these diploid Gossypium species. The transferability among these different diploid species presented here can increase the efficiency of transferring genetic information across species and further enhance their introgression into cultivated cotton species by the molecular tagging of important genes existing in these diploid species using the EST-SSR markers.


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