How Sixth Graders Perceive Effort and Skill

Veal, Mary Lou; Compagnone, Nick
July 1995
Journal of Teaching in Physical Education;Jul1995, Vol. 14 Issue 4, p431
Academic Journal
This exploratory study was a first attempt to determine if the use of formative assessment has an effect on middle school students' self perceptions of effort and skill. Although a number of researchers and measurement experts have advocated the use of formative assessment to improve teaching and learning (Dunham, 1994: King, 1990; McGee, 1984; Veal, 1992a), few studies have directly investigated the effects of formative assessment on students in physical education. The study included teacher-designed formative assessments as interventions: however, this article will focus primarily on students' responses to questions about their effort and skill in physical education classes.


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