Effects of Practice and Command Styles on Rate of Change in Volleyball Performance and Self-Efficacy of High-, Medium-, and Low-Skilled Learners

Harrison, Joyce M.; Fellingham, Gilbert W.; Buck, Marilyn M.; Pellett, Tracy L.
April 1995
Journal of Teaching in Physical Education;Apr1995, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p328
Academic Journal
This study compared volleyball achievement and task-specific self-efficacy for high-, medium-, and low-skilled learners using two teaching styles. Students were pre-, mid-, and posttested on skills and self-efficacy and were ability grouped from skill pretest scores. Learning trials were tallied for 58 students in two university classes, and growth curves for each student were created by plotting the percentages of successful trials against the 19 instructional days. ANOVA, used to determine relationships between the teaching styles and the rate of change in volleyball performance, revealed two significant aptitude treatment interactions (ATIs). For skill practice, low-skilled learners did better with command style on the set, and the practice style was best for low-skilled learners on the spike. Self-efficacy increased for all students, with no significant difference in style.


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