The Effects of Three Teacher Supervision Patterns on Student On-Task and Skill Performance in Secondary Physical Education

Sariscsany, Mary Jo; Darst, Paul W.; Van der Mars, Hans
January 1995
Journal of Teaching in Physical Education;Jan1995, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p179
Academic Journal
This study sought to determine the effects of three teacher supervision patterns on student on-task and practice skill behavior. Three experienced physical education instructors and 3 off-task junior high school males served as subjects. An alternating treatments design was used to study the on-task behavior, total practice trials and appropriate practice trials under three supervision patterns: (a) close with feedback, (b) distant with feedback, and (c) distant with no feedback. Under the active supervision patterns (with feedback), teachers issued specific skill feedback to target students at a minimum of 0.5 per minute. Findings indicated that when the treatments were successfully implemented, (a) the percentage of on-task behavior was significantly higher during active supervision for two target students and (b) mixed results were produced for total practice trials and appropriate practice trials across all three treatments.


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