The Effects of Performance Standards on Behavior Patterns and Motor Skill Achievement in Children

Edwards, Rosaland
January 1988
Journal of Teaching in Physical Education;Jan1988, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p90
Academic Journal
The effect of individual performance standards on the relationship between selected process variables and achievement for students in elementary physical education classes is investigated. The subjects were 78 fourth-grade and 80 fifth-grade students from eight classes in two elementary schools. Two fourth grades and 2 fifth grades received standards, and 2 fourth grades and 2 fifth grades did not. A 1-week experimental teaching unit was used. A Solomon 4-group design was used to determine if there was a pretest effect. The data were analyzed in a Treatment (standard-no standard) × Pre (pretest-no pretest) × Sex × Grade MANOVA using posttest and motor-appropriate trials as the dependent measures; this analysis was followed up by two separate ANOVAs. Correlation was used to determine the relationship, if any, between behavior patterns and performance. The treatment group performed better than the control group, boys performed better than girls, and fifth graders performed better than fourth graders. Individuals with standards performed significantly better than those with no standards. The Pre × Treatment interaction suggested that having a pretest tends to standardize the amount of practice an individual takes. There was a positive relationship between motor-appropriate practice and performance regardless of treatment group. These data suggest that performance can be improved by individual performance standards and that care should be taken in using pre- and posttest methods for testing motor skills.


Related Articles

  • R.J. Richey Elementary Honor Roll.  // Burnet Bulletin (Texas);11/22/2006, Vol. 134 Issue 47, p11 

    A list of students achieving academic distinction at R. J. Richey Elementary school in Texas is presented. Among the honorees in the fourth grade are Christopher Armentrout, Jacqueline Hernandez and Zachary Saylor. Fifth grade honorees include Price Carpenter, Christopher Safarick and Margarita...

  • Urban students thrive as independent researchers. Hartman, Jeanette A.; DeCicco, Emily K. // Educational Leadership;Nov94, Vol. 52 Issue 3, p46 

    Discusses the Independent Research Project at the Fort Pitt Elementary School in Pittsburgh. Impact on students' writing scores and discipline referrals; Guiding principles; Benefits for 4th and 5th graders.

  • The Role of Color Saturation in Maps for Children. Buckingham, Bill; Harrower, Mark // Cartographic Perspectives;Fall2007, Issue 58, p28 

    Bright, saturated colors are very common on maps for children, especially maps in grade-school textbooks. This is despite the tendency of professional cartographers to use highly saturated colors sparingly in much of their work. This research seeks to determine if highly saturated colors are...

  • Outcomes From a School-Randomized Controlled Trial of Steps to Respect: A Bullying Prevention Program. Brown, Eric C.; Low, Sabina; Smith, Brian H.; Haggerty, Kevin P. // School Psychology Review;2011, Vol. 40 Issue 3, p423 

    This study reports the outcomes of a randomized controlled trial of Steps to Respect: A Bullying Prevention Program conducted in 33 California elementary schools. Schools were matched on school demographic characteristics and assigned randomly to intervention or waitlisted control conditions....

  • Universal Screening of Reading in Late Elementary School. Graney, Suzanne Bamonto; Martínez, Rebecca S.; Missall, Kristen N.; Aricak, O. Tolga // Remedial & Special Education;Sep/Oct2010, Vol. 31 Issue 5, p368 

    Two curriculum-based measurement tools are commonly used to assess progress in reading in elementary school: R-CBM and CBM maze. R-CBM is used in practice more frequently than CBM maze is, although CBM maze is more time efficient to administer than R-CBM is. The technical adequacy of each of...


    Students in second, fourth and fifth-grade classrooms in a South Texas elementary school served as both the experimental group and the control group to compare the traditional read-and-discuss method of instruction with reading instruction that included the use of various graphic organizers to...

  • New River Trail Walk - Explore what your community has to offer! Moore, April // Virginia Journal;Spring2012, Vol. 33 Issue 1, p16 

    The article focuses on a nature hike through the New River Trail in Virginia conducted by fifth graders from Dublin Elementary School in October 2011. The trail is said to offer over 57 miles of walking trails stretching through Grayson, Carroll, Wythe and Pulaski counties. The challenge for the...

  • The Assessment of Web Sites Related With Teaching Science and Mathematics Used by 4th and 5th Grade Elementary Students and Their Teachers. Sahinkaya, Nihan; Ozsoy, Sibel; Ozsoy, Gokhan // Proceedings of the European Conference on e-Learning;2009, p512 

    Internet is becoming an important reference after its use in most of the schools for educational purposes. Both students and teachers have been using internet to collect information on science and mathematics. However, the presence of so many internet sites related makes the choice of correct...

  • WIS names honor roll students.  // Lakelander (Whitney, TX);10/17/2007, Vol. 21 Issue 42, p3 

    The article presents the list of 3rd grade, 4th grade and 5th grade "A" honor roll students at Whitney Intermediate School, Texas for the first six weeks of class beginning 2007.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics