National cultural distance and initial foreign acquisition performance: The moderating effect of integration

Slangen, Arjen H.L.
June 2006
Journal of World Business;Jun2006, Vol. 41 Issue 2, p161
Academic Journal
Abstract: This paper examines the effect of national cultural distance on the performance of foreign acquisitions. While some studies have argued that this effect should be negative and others that it should be positive, we argue that this depends on the level of post-acquisition integration. We hypothesize that large differences in national culture reduce foreign acquisition performance if the acquired unit is tightly integrated into the acquirer, but that they enhance acquisition performance if post-acquisition integration is limited. Analyzing a sample of 102 cross-border acquisitions by Dutch firms in 30 countries, we find strong empirical support for this hypothesis.


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