School-Aged Children's Phonological Production of Derived English Words

Jarmulowicz, Linda
April 2006
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2006, Vol. 49 Issue 2, p294
Academic Journal
Purpose: Little is known about the phonological aspects of derivational processes. Neutral suffixes (e.g., -ness) that do not change stress and rhythmic or nonneutral suffixes (e.g., -ity) that alter stem stress were used in a production task that explored developmental changes in phonological accuracy of derived English words. Method: Three groups of typically achieving children, aged 7 (n = 19), 8 (n = 18), and 9 (n = 15) years, produced derived words in isolation (12 words with rhythmic suffixes and 10 with neutral suffixes). Productions were transcribed from audio-recordings. Results: Stress accuracy was at ceiling levels for neutral derived words but steadily improved in words with rhythmic suffixes. The predominant stress error was maintaining stem stress in the derived form. Children also made syllabification and consonant errors (in isolation and overlapping with stem stress errors). More errors occurred on derived words with vowel changes than without. Conclusions: Morphophonological knowledge for words with rhythmic suffixes undergoes development in early school-aged children. The number or degree of phonological changes between the stem and derived word appears to be an important variable in accurate production.


Related Articles

  • The nonword reading deficit in developmental dyslexia: A review. Rack, John P.; Snowling, Margaret J.; Olson, Richard K. // Reading Research Quarterly;1992, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p28 

    To elucidate the characteristics of developmental dyslexics' reading skills, the authors evaluate the hypothesis that dyslexic children have a specific deficit in phonological reading processes. First, predictions from developmental models and longitudinal data on reading development are...

  • An Inductive Approach to Word Analysis. McCullough, Constance M. // Education;May1955, Vol. 75 Issue 9, p583 

    The article presents an inductive approach when teaching children word analysis. There is a need to prod children with questions and let them take the lead during learning. The children must be the first to discover; the teacher just encourages them until everyone learns the lesson. Take the...

  • Phonological Awareness and Word Recognition in Reading by ChildrenWith Autism. Gabig, Cheryl Smith // Communication Disorders Quarterly;Feb2010, Vol. 31 Issue 2, p67 

    This research examined phonological awareness (PA) and single word reading in 14 school-age children with autism and 10 age-matched, typically developing (TD) children between 5-7 years. Two measures of PA, an elision task (ELI) and a sound blending task (BLW), were given along with two measures...

  • VOCABULÁRIO EXPRESSIVO DE CRIANÇAS COM DIFERENTES NÍVEIS DE GRAVIDADE DE DESVIO FONOLÓGICO. Athayde, Marcia de Lima; Carvalho, Queiti; Mota, Helena Bolli // Revista CEFAC;2009 supplement 2, Vol. 11, p161 

    Purpose: to relate task performance of expressive vocabulary with the deviation severity, the age range and the reference values of the vocabulary testing used. Methods: the sample was made up of 17 subjects with phonological deviation, with ages ranging between 3 years 5 months and 8 years 2...

  • Disabled readers' erroneous responses to inferential comprehension questions: Description and analysis. McCormick, Sandra // Reading Research Quarterly;1992, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p54 

    Eighty male and female fifth-grade disabled readers answered written literal and inferential comprehension questions after reading 20 narrative or expository selections. Differences in correct responding in favor of literal questions were statistically significant (p < .01). However, the primary...

  • It's Never Too Late to Remediate: Teaching Word Recognition to Students with Reading Disabilities in Grades 4-7. Abbott, Sylvia P.; Berninger, Virginia W. // Annals of Dyslexia;1999, Vol. 49, p223 

    Twenty children in fourth through seventh grade participated in 16 one-hour individual tutorials over a four-month period. Half of the children received structural analysis and alphabet principle training; half received only alphabetic principle training; all received training in orthographic...

  • Examining the Language Performances of Children With and Without Specific Language Impairment: Contributions of Phonological Short-Term Memory and Speed of Processing. Montgomery, James W.; Windsor, Jennifer // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2007, Vol. 50 Issue 3, p778 

    Purpose: This study investigated the effects of processing speed and phonological short-term memory (PSTM) on children's language performance. Method: Forty-eight school-age children with specific language impairment (SLI) and age peers completed auditory detection reaction time (RT) and nonword...

  • A Nonspeech Investigation of Tongue Function in Parkinson's Disease. Morley, John E.; McAuliffe, Megan J.; Ward, Elizabeth C.; Murdoch, Bruce E.; Farrell, Anna M. // Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical ;May2005, Vol. 60 Issue 5, p667 

    Background. Nonspeech investigations of tongue function in persons with Parkinson's disease (PD) have generally reported impaired tongue strength, endurance, and fine force control. However, these investigations did not specifically evaluate the relative contribution of age effects to the...

  • Effect of Age on F0 Difference Limen and Concurrent Vowel Identification. Vongpaisal, Tara; Pichora-Fuller, Margaret Kathleen // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2007, Vol. 50 Issue 5, p1139 

    Purpose: To investigate the effect of age on voice fundamental frequency (F0) difference limen (DL) and identification of concurrently presented vowels. Method: Fifteen younger and 15 older adults with normal audiometric thresholds in the speech range participated in 2 experiments. In Experiment...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics