TITLE

Can Severely Language Delayed 3-Year-Olds Be Identified at 18 Months? Evaluation of a Screening Version of the MacArthur--Bates Communicative Development Inventories

AUTHOR(S)
Westerlund, Monica; Berglund, Eva; Eriksson, Mårten
PUB. DATE
April 2006
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2006, Vol. 49 Issue 2, p237
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of a screening instrument (the Swedish Communication Screening at 18 months of age; SCS18), derived from the Swedish MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory, in identification of 18-month-old children who will be severely language disabled by 3 years of age, the authors (a) analyzed which SCS18's component yielded the best prediction, (b) compared the productivity figures of the SCS18 with those of the traditional method of identification, and (c) tried different cutoff criteria of the SCS18. Method: Half of the child health care (CHC) centers in a Swedish county were randomly selected to use the SCS18 (e.g., a checklist supporting parents in assessing their child's word production, word comprehension, and communicative gestures). Remaining CHC centers used an informal assessment. Expressive and receptive language was subsequently judged with an observation for 3-year-olds that is routine in the county. An unselected population of 2,080 children participated at 18 months of age and again at 3 years of age. Result: Number of spoken words yielded the best prediction, and SCS18 was superior to the traditional method. A sensitivity of 50%, however, was not enough, and a stricter criterion resulted in too many false positives to be acceptable as routine. Conclusion: Although the SCS18 has strength, the age of 18 months seems to be too early for identification of severe language disability.
ACCESSION #
20727192

 

Related Articles

  • Grammatical Deviations in the Spoken and Written Language of Hebrew-Speaking Children With... Tur-Kaspa, Hana; Dromi, Esther // Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools;Apr2001, Vol. 32 Issue 2, p79 

    Examines grammatical deviations in the spoken and written language of Hebrew-speaking deaf children. Linguistic forms that present major difficulties for hearing-impaired children; Error analysis in the context of language assessment; Theoretical and practical implications of the grammatical...

  • Gesture Development: A Review for Clinical and Research Practices. Capone, Nina C.; McGregor, Karla K. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2004, Vol. 47 Issue 1, p173 

    The aim of this article is to provide clinicians and researchers a comprehensive overview of the development and functions of gesture in childhood and in select populations with developmental language impairments. Of significance is the growing body of evidence that gesture enhances, not...

  • Perfil linguístico de crianças com alteração específica de linguagem. Befi-Lopes, Debora Maria; Cáceres, Ana Manhani; Esteves, Lucila // Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia;2012, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p274 

    Purpose: To characterize the linguistic profile of children with language impairment using the Brazilian version of Test of Early Language Development -- 3rd edition (TELD-3), to compare chronological and linguistic ages, and to classify the severity of the case. Methods: The test was...

  • Parent based language intervention for 2-year-old children with specific expressive language delay: a randomised controlled trial. A Buschmann // Archives of Disease in Childhood;Feb2009, Vol. 94 Issue 2, p110 

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomised controlled trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of a short, highly structured parent based language intervention group programme for 2-year-old children with specific expressive language delay (SELD, without deficits in receptive language). METHODS: 61...

  • Predicting Outcomes of Children Referred for Autism Using the MacArthur--Bates Communicative Development Inventory. Luyster, Rhiannon; Shanping Qiu; Lopez, Kristina; Lord, Catherine // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2007, Vol. 50 Issue 3, p667 

    Purpose: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by early impairments in language and related social communication skills. This investigation explored whether scores on the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory (CDI) at ages 2 and 3 years predict outcome at age 9 years in...

  • Comparing native signing, late-signing and orally trained deaf children's 'theory of mind' abilities. van Staden, Annalene // South African Journal of Psychology;Apr2010, Vol. 40 Issue 1, p97 

    I argue that language skills and social interaction, specifically quality social discourse (reciprocal interaction) concerning mental states are pivotal in the development of social understanding and 'theory of mind' development. Thus, this research is grounded and positioned within the theories...

  • Retardation of VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT IN HARD OF HEARING CHILDREN. Young, Cecil; McConnell, Freeman // Exceptional Children;May1957, Vol. 23 Issue 8, p368 

    The article discusses the effects of language retardation on the intellectual potential of hard of hearing children, in relation to the author's experiment which investigates the language development of hard of hearing children. The author has aimed to present a detailed analysis on whether the...

  • THE RECOGNITION OF NON-VERBAL MESSAGES EXPRESSING EMOTION BY CHILDREN WITH SLI AGED 4 TO 7. Czaplewska, Ewa; Sterczyêski, Radosław // Acta Neuropsychologica;2015, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: SLI is a dysfunction defined by difficulties in acquiring one's native language, ones which appear to be primary. Apart from the language code, there are two more codes which play a significant part in the process of communication: the paralinguistic and nonlinguistic code, often...

  • The Pediatrician's Approach to the Preschool Child with Language Delay. Whitman, Randal L.; Schwartz, Ellen R. // Clinical Pediatrics;Jan1985, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p26 

    A systematic approach to the child with suspected language disorder includes screening of expressive language receptive language, general development, and hearing. Various screening approaches and tools are discussed. Diagnostic categories and associated referral patterns are recommended.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics