TITLE

Involvement of Extracellular Dilignols in Lignification During Tracheary Element Differentiation of Isolated Zinnia Mesophyll Cells

AUTHOR(S)
Tokunaga, Naohito; Sakakibara, Norikazu; Umezawa, Toshiaki; Ito, Yasuko; Fukuda, Hiroo; Sato, Yasushi
PUB. DATE
January 2005
SOURCE
Plant & Cell Physiology;Jan2005, Vol. 46 Issue 1, p224
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
During differentiation of isolated Zinnia mesophyll cells into tracheary elements (TEs), lignification on TEs progresses by supply of monolignols not only from TEs themselves but also from surrounding xylem parenchyma-like cells through the culture medium. However, how lignin polymerizes from the secreted monolignols has not been resolved. In this study, we analyzed phenol compounds in culture medium with reversed-phase HPLC, gas chromatography–mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry, and found 12 phenolic compounds including coniferyl alcohol and four dilignols, i.e. erythro-guaiacylglycerol-β-coniferyl ether, threo-guaiacylglycerol-β-coniferyl ether, dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol and pinoresinol, in the medium in which TEs were developing. Coniferyl alcohol applied to TE-inductive cultures during TE formation rapidly disappeared from the medium, and caused a sudden increase in dilignols. Addition of the dilignols promoted lignification of TEs in which monolignol biosynthesis was blocked by an inhibitor of phenylalanine anmmonia-lyase (PAL), l-α-aminooxy-β-phenylpropionic acid (AOPP). These results suggested that dilignols can act as intermediates of lignin polymerization.
ACCESSION #
20618732

 

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