Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for carbon single shot analysis of micrometer-sized particles

Vors, E.; Salmon, L.
June 2006
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jun2006, Vol. 385 Issue 2, p281
Academic Journal
The purpose of this work is to study the ability of the laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) technique to perform in situ (without sample preparation) detection of graphite particles circulating in a gas loop used to simulate the cooling gas circuit of a helium-cooled nuclear reactor. Results obtained with a laboratory scale set up are presented. The experiments were performed in nitrogen with micrometer-sized particles containing carbon (glucose particles and sodium hydrogenocarbonate particles). Statistical shot to shot analysis was used to determine the concentration of the analyte. The variation of LIBS signal as a function of glucose particle diameter showed an underestimation of the signal of particles of diameters larger than 5 μm. This phenomenon is likely to be correlated to an incomplete vaporization in the laser-induced plasma of particles of sizes above 5 μm. Analytical measurements were performed with glucose particles and sodium hydrogenocarbonate particles, and the concentration-based limit of detection of carbon was evaluated to be about 60 μg m−3.


Related Articles

  • Effect of ambient nitrogen pressure on the formation and spatio-temporal behaviour of C and CN. Kushwaha, Archana; Thareja, R. // Pramana: Journal of Physics;Dec2010, Vol. 75 Issue 6, p1163 

    We report the effect of ambient gas on the formation as well as propagation behaviour of ablated species C and CN within the carbon plasma created by focussing a high-power Nd:YAG ( λ = 1064 nm) laser onto the rotating graphite target in the nitrogen ambient. The formation of C takes place...

  • Spatial distributions of the number densities of neutral atoms and ions for the different elements in a laser induced plasma generated with a Ni-Fe-Al alloy. Aragón, C.; Peñalba, F.; Aguilera, J. A. // Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jun2006, Vol. 385 Issue 2, p295 

    Spatially-resolved emission spectroscopy, including spatial devonvolution of the spectra, has been used to determine the three-dimensional distributions of the relative number densities of neutral atoms and ions of the elements present in a laser-induced plasma generated with a Ni-Fe-Al alloy....

  • Application of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy to the analysis of metals in soils. Barbini, R.; Colao, F.; Fantoni, R.; Palucci, A.; Capitelli, F. // Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing;1999, Vol. 69 Issue 7, pS175 

    Abstract. In this paper, the influence of plasma temperature on quantitative laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) measurements is discussed, and a simple theoretical approach is used to model the plasma generation. It is shown that an estimate of the temperature of the laser-induced...

  • Pencil lead plasma for generating multimicrojoule high-order harmonics with a broad spectrum. Pertot, Y.; Elouga Bom, L. B.; Bhardwaj, V. R.; Ozaki, T. // Applied Physics Letters;3/7/2011, Vol. 98 Issue 10, p101104 

    Using the plasma harmonic method, we show the generation of efficient and intense high-order harmonics from plasma of pencil lead. We demonstrate multimicrojoule energy in each harmonic order for the 11th to the 17th order of a Ti:sapphire laser. By analyzing the target morphology and the plasma...

  • Cavity enhanced wavelength modulation spectrometry for application in chemical analysis. Zybin, A.; Kuritsyn, Y. A.; Mironenko, V. R.; Niemax, K. // Applied Physics B: Lasers & Optics;Jan2004, Vol. 78 Issue 1, p103 

    A simple and robust absorption technique is developed which combines cavity enhanced absorption spectroscopy and wavelength modulation spectroscopy and measures the integrated output of unlocked cavities. The detection power of the technique is affected by peculiarities of the laser injection...

  • Erosion, Contamination, and Migration. Strachan, J. D. // AIP Conference Proceedings;5/20/2010, Vol. 1237 Issue 1, p32 

    This paper will summarize studies of carbon impurity sources, contamination, and migration developed through JET methane gas injection experiments. These studies were analyzed using the 2D SOL code EDGE2D/NIMBUS. The code is capable of repeating the JET analysis using the ITER geometry and SOL...

  • Spectroscopic measurements of laser induced plasma during welding with CO2 laser. Szymanski, Z.; Kurzyna, J. // Journal of Applied Physics;12/15/1994, Vol. 76 Issue 12, p7750 

    Presents a study which performed spectroscopic measurements of laser induced plasma during welding with carbon dioxide laser. Experimental details; Results and discussion; Conclusion.

  • Defect Analysis of Carbon Nanotubes. Dewald, James L.; Talla, Jamal; Pietrass, Tanja; Curran, Seamus A. // AIP Conference Proceedings;2005, Vol. 786 Issue 1, p215 

    Raman spectroscopic analysis of plasma treated MWNTs was used characterize defects in MWNTs. Raman spectroscopy was also used to characterize defects induced via acid treatment. The Raman-active disorder modes are used to fingerprint PSF attachment to MWNTs via defect states. © 2005 American...

  • Photoluminescence of Electron–Hole Plasma in Semi-Insulating Undoped GaAs. Kovalenko, V. F.; Shutov, S. V. // Semiconductors;Dec2004, Vol. 38 Issue 12, p1378 

    The dependence of the photoluminescence spectrum of electron–hole plasma in semi-insulating undoped GaAs on the concentration of the background carbon impurity NC(3 × 1015cm–3 ≤ NC ≤ 4 × 1016cm–3) is studied at 77 K. It is established that the density of...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics