Anatomical and surgical considerations of the sacrotuberous ligament and its relevance in pudendal nerve entrapment syndrome

Loukas, Marios; Louis Jr., Robert G.; Hallner, Barry; Gupta, Ankmalika A.; White, Dorothy
May 2006
Surgical & Radiologic Anatomy;May2006, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p163
Academic Journal
In view of the paucity of literature, this study was undertaken to reappraise the gross anatomy of the sacrotuberous ligament (STL), with the objective of providing an accurate anatomical basis for clinical conditions involving the STL. We studied the gross anatomy of the STL in 50 formalin fixed cadavers (100 sides) during the period of 2004–2005. All specimens exhibited an STL with a ligamentous part and (87%) of specimens exhibited a membranous (falciform) segment, which extended towards the ischioanal fossa. The variations of the falciform extensions were classified into three types. In Type I (69%), the falciform process extended towards and along the ischial ramus to terminate at the obturator fascia. In Type II (108%), the falciform process extended along the ischial ramus, fused with the obturator fascia and continued towards the ischioanal fossa. In addition, the medial border of the falciform process descended to fuse with the anococcygeal ligament, forming a continuous membrane. Lastly, in Type III (13%), the falciform process of the STL was absent. The above mentioned data could have an important implication to the understanding of the relationship between the pudendal nerve and the sacrotuberous ligament and their relevance to pudendal nerve entrapment syndrome.


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