Rapid Correction of Start Technique in an Olympic-level Swimmer: A Case Study Using Old Way/New Way

Hanin, Yuri; Malvela, Marko; Hanina, Muza
January 2004
Journal of Swimming Research;2004, Vol. 16, p11
Academic Journal
This study examined the effectiveness of old way/new way, an innovative meta-cognitive learning strategy initially developed in education settings, in the rapid and permanent correction of consistent errors in starting technique experienced by an Olympic-level swimmer. individualized intervention three days prior to the major competition included a detailed error analysis, step-wise enhancement of an athlete's kinesthetic awareness, and re-activation of the error memory, discrimination, and generalization of the individually optimal correct movement pattern. Self-reports, coach's ratings, and video recordings indicated that a single learning trial produced immediate and permanent technique improvement (85-100 % correct starts), a full transfer of learning without the need for the customary adaptation period, and improved performance. The findings are consistent with performance enhancement effects of old way/new way demonstrated experimentally in other sports. Future research directions include the extension of error analysis and application of the notion of individually optimal technique based on the Individual Zones of Optimal Functioning model assumptions.


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