McKay, Alexander
March 1999
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality;Spring99, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p61
Academic Journal
The article summarizes recent research on HIV/AIDS in Canada; the incidence and prevalence of STDs in the United States; the effectiveness of sildenafil in treating men with erectile dysfunction who have received radiotherapy for prostate cancer. The report from the division of HIV/AIDS Surveillance at the Laboratory Center for Disease Control (LCDC) provides wide-ranging data on the numbers of HIV positive test reports and AIDS diagnoses in Canada for the period ending December 31, 1998. The report cautions that continued monitoring will be required to determine if this decline is an artifact or the beginning of a trend. The LCDC report also notes "the data contained in this report provide information only on those tested and do not represent the total number of people who are infected with HIV in Canada." During the past decade the most frequently quoted figure for the number of cases of STD infection occurring each year in the United States has been 12 million. Beginning in the mid- 1970s, HIV occurred mostly in gay and bisexual men. However, since 1989, the greatest proportionate increase of reported AIDS cases has been among heterosexuals, and this trend is expected to continue.


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