TITLE

Induction of centrum defects in amberjack Seriola dumerili by exposure of embryos to hypoxia

AUTHOR(S)
Sawada, Yoshifumi; Hattori, Manabu; Iteya, Masahide; Takagi, Yasuaki; Ura, Kazuhiro; Seoka, Manabu; Kato, Keitaro; Kurata, Michio; Mitatake, Hirofumi; Katayama, Shigekazu; Kumai, Hidemi
PUB. DATE
April 2006
SOURCE
Fisheries Science;Apr2006, Vol. 72 Issue 2, p364
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Artificially hatched Seriola species have the problem of malformation, mainly in their vertebrae, head, and mouth parts. To clarify the cause of vertebral malformation, the effects of hypoxia during embryogenesis on the induction of centrum defects was investigated in artificially hatched amberjack Seriola dumerili. Firstly, 7-somite stage embryos were exposed to waters of 0, 12.5, 25, 50, and 100% dissolved oxygen (DO) for 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 h to confirm the effective dose (DO concentration and duration of exposure) of hypoxia that induces somitic disturbances in newly hatched larvae. Exposure of embryos to 12.5% DO concentration for longer than 0.5 h induced somitic disturbances. Following this result, centrum defects in juveniles were investigated by an induction experiment with embryos exposed to 12.5% DO for 2 h at the gastrula, 1- or 2-somite, 10-somite, 15-somite, or heart beating stage. This experiment revealed that centrum defects were induced only during somitogenesis, and somitic disturbances were the premonitory symptom of centrum defects. These results indicate hypoxia during somitogenesis as a possible cause of centrum defects in amberjack.
ACCESSION #
20395955

 

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