Hepatitis viruses A, B, C, D, E and G: Implications for dental personnel

Gillchrist, James A.
April 1999
Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA);Apr99, Vol. 103 Issue 4, p509
Academic Journal
Presents an overview of the different types of hepatitis caused by the viruses A (HAV), B (HBV), C (HCV), D (HDV), E (HEV) and G, and their ramifications for the practice of dentistry. Epidemiology; Clinical features; Prevention; Treatment; Enterical transmission of HAV and HEV; Transmission modes of HBV, HCV and HDV leading to acute or chronic hepatitis.


Related Articles

  • Immunoprophylaxis of Viral Hepatitis: A Practical Guide. Schiff, E. // American Journal of Gastroenterology;Apr1987, Vol. 82 Issue 4, p287 

    Presents a guide for practicing gastroenterologists on indications and recommendations for immunoprophylaxis of viral hepatitis. Background on different types of viruses that may cause hepatitis; Information on passive and active vaccines for hepatitis; Factors to consider in relation to...

  • Active Surveillance for Acute Viral Hepatitis in Rural Villages in the Nile Delta. Meky, Fatma A.; Stoszek, Sonia K.; Abdel-Hamid, Mohamed; Selim, Sahar; Abdel-Wahab, Ayman; Mikhail, Nabiel; El-Kafrawy, Sherif; El-Daly, Mai; Abdel-Aziz, Fatma; Sharaf, Soraya; Mohamed, Mostafa K.; Engle, Ronald E.; Emerson, Suzanne U.; Purcell, Robert H.; Fix, Alan D.; Strickland, G. Thomas // Clinical Infectious Diseases;3/1/2006, Vol. 42 Issue 5, p628 

    Background. Acute viral hepatitis is less frequent in Egypt than serum antibody levels suggest. Because acute viral hepatitis has a wide clinical spectrum, we tested the hypothesis that many cases are undetected because of mild illness caused by initial, early-childhood exposure to hepatitis...

  • Association of Lipid Profiles With Hepatitis C Viral Load in Chronic Hepatitis C Patients With Genotype 1 or 2 Infection. Ching-Sheng Hsu; Chen-Hua Liu; Chun-Jen Liu; Chia-Chi Wang; Chi-Ling Chen; Ming-Yang Lai; Pei-Jer Chen; Ding-Shinn Chen; Jia-Horng Kao // American Journal of Gastroenterology;Mar2009, Vol. 104 Issue 3, p598 

    OBJECTIVES:Metabolic profiles correlate with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and are known to be predictors of virologic responses in chronic hepatitis C patients on interferon-based treatment. However, little is known about the differential association of lipid profiles with hepatitis C viral...

  • Isolation of a Latent Murine Hepatitis Virus From Cultured Mouse Liver Cells. Sabesin, Seymour M. // American Journal of Gastroenterology;Sep1972, Vol. 58 Issue 3, p259 

    At latent viral agent, similar in many characteristics to established strains of murine hepatitis virus (MHV), was isolated from an established cell line (NCTC-1469) originally derived from mouse liver. The inability to infect a particular pool of NCTC-109 cells with MHV-strain A59 suggested the...

  • Hepatitis G virus. Reshetnyak, Vasiliy Ivanovich; Karlovich, Tatiana Igorevna; Ilchenko, Ljudmila Urievna; Mondelli, Mario U.; Reshetnyak, Vasiliy I. // World Journal of Gastroenterology;8/14/2008, Vol. 14 Issue 30, p4725 

    A number of new hepatitis viruses (G, TT, SEN) were discovered late in the past century. We review the data available in the literature and our own findings suggesting that the new hepatitis G virus (HGV), disclosed in the late 1990s, has been rather well studied. Analysis of many studies...

  • Profile of viral hepatits in Saudi Arabia. Alshabanat, Abdulmajeed Abdulrahman; Albacker, Rashed Backer; Basalama, Ali Abdullah; Bin Salamah, Abdullah Abdulrahman; SalehAlfrayh, Abdulrahman // Biomedical Research (0970-938X);2013, Vol. 24 Issue 3, p396 

    The study was conducted to investigate the profile of hepatitis in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and to determine which age group hepatitis viruses most commonly infect. The epidemiology of viral hepatitis in Saudi Arabia hasundergone major changes, concurrent with major socioeconomicdevelopments...

  • Inhibition of hepatitis C virus replication and expression by small interfering RNA targeting host cellular genes. Xue, Q.; Ding, H.; Liu, M.; Zhao, P.; Gao, J.; Ren, H.; Liu, Y.; Qi, Z. T. // Archives of Virology;May2007, Vol. 152 Issue 5, p955 

    Small interfering RNA (siRNA) is a powerful tool for functional genomics and gene therapy. Viral replication and gene expression are strongly inhibited by siRNA treatment of infected mammalian cells. However, the high sequence specificity of siRNAs, combined with prolonged treatment, promote the...

  • Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infection in Patients with Normal Serum Transaminase Concentrations. Deresinski, Stan // Clinical Infectious Diseases;4/1/2005, Vol. 40 Issue 7, preceding p915 

    This article focuses on treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in patients with normal serum transaminase concentrations. Combination treatment of patients with chronic HCV infection who have elevated serum transaminase levels has been demonstrated to be efficacious. However, as...

  • Hepatitis C virus budding at lipid droplet-associated ER membrane visualized by 3D electron microscopy. Roingeard, Philippe; Hourioux, Christophe; Blanchard, Emmanuelle; Prensier, GĂ©rard // Histochemistry & Cell Biology;Sep2008, Vol. 130 Issue 3, p561 

    The mechanisms underlying hepatitis C virus (HCV) morphogenesis remain elusive, but lipid droplets have recently been shown to be important organelles for virus production. We investigated the interaction between HCV-like particles and lipid droplets by three-dimensional reconstructions of...

  • Acute Pancreatitis Associated With Viral Hepatitis: A Report of Six Cases With Review of Literature. Mishra, A.; Saigal, S.; Gupta, R.; Sarin, S. K. // American Journal of Gastroenterology;Aug1999, Vol. 94 Issue 8, p2292 

    Association of hepatitis viruses with acute pancreatitis in the setting of nonfulminant viral hepatitis is rare. We report six cases of nonfulminant viral hepatitis complicated by acute pancreatitis, including the first documented case of hepatitis E virus (HEV) associated acute pancreatitis....


Read the Article


Sign out of this library

Other Topics