Elevated MMP-12 protein levels in induced sputum from patients with COPD

I. K. Demedts; Morel-montero, A.; Lebecque, S.; Pacheco, Y.; Cataldo, D.; Joos, G. F.; Pauweist, R. A.; Brusselle, G. G.
March 2006
Thorax;Mar2006, Vol. 61 Issue 3, p196
Academic Journal
Background: Several matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In mice, MMP-12 plays a crucial role in the development of cigarette smoke induced emphysema. A study was undertaken to investigate the role of MMP-12 in the development of COPD in human smokers. Methods: Induced sputum samples were collected from patients with stable COPD (n = 28), healthy smokers (n = 14), never smokers (n = 20), and former smokers (n = 14). MMP-12 protein levels in induced sputum were determined by ELISA and compared between the four study groups. MMP-12 enzymatic activity in induced sputum was evaluated by casein zymography and by cleaving of a fluorescence quenched substrate. Results: Median (IQR) MMP-12 levels were significantly higher in COPD patients than in healthy smokers, never smokers, and former smokers (17.5 (7.1-42.1) v 6.7 (3.9-10.4) v 4.2 (2.4-11.3) v 6.1 (4.5-7.6) ng/ml, p=0.0002). MMP-12 enzymatic activity was significantly higher in patients with COPD than in controls (4.11(1.4-8.0) v 0.14 (0.1-0.2) µg/µl, p=0.0002). Conclusion: MMP-12 is markedly increased in induced sputum from patients with stable COPD compared with controls, suggesting a role for MMP-12 in the development of COPD in smokers.


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