Teaching Phonological Awareness With Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Students

Narr, Rachel A. Friedman
March 2006
Teaching Exceptional Children;Mar/Apr2006, Vol. 38 Issue 4, p53
Academic Journal
Mikela is a deaf itinerant teacher of students who are deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) within a large urban school district. She has nine students on her case-load, all of whom have moderate to profound hearing losses. The students on Mikela's caseload are included in general education classrooms with interpreters who use American Sign Language (ASL). Seven of her students are kindergarten through fourth grade; two are in sixth grade. Mikela has struggled for many years with the low reading achievement of her students and how to help them access the general education curriculum in reading and language arts. Mikela felt that she balanced her reading instruction by focusing on meaningful reading and writing activities, filling her classroom with authentic literature, and providing specific vocabulary instruction and word identification strategies for students. She also knew phonological awareness, a sensitivity to speech sounds in spoken language, was important for hearing students, but she could not understand how these skills applied to her deaf/hard-of-hearing students. Explicit skills instruction and the contribution of phonics seemed at odds with her reading instruction. However, she continued to tackle problems with improving the consistently low reading and spelling levels of her students. She provided a good language model through ASL and tried to provide her students with rich language input. Due to changes in state standards and the No Child Left Behind Act, Mikela and her students were facing an increasing emphasis in instruction on spoken language skills, specifically phonological awareness and phonemic awareness. Phonemic awareness is a set of specific skills involving sound identification, sound blending, segmenting, and sound manipulation. These skills seemed virtually inaccessible to her students due to their hearing losses. At the same time, Mikela recognized that these skills might be part of unlocking the print code for DHH students. She set off to explore different avenues of instruction of these skills with her students to see how they worked.


Related Articles

  • Talks with parents and teachers of deaf children. Dolphin, Jane E. // Exceptional Children;Jan1955, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p156 

    The article provides an overview of the report "Talks With Parents and Teachers of Deaf Children," by Boyd E. Nelson published in the April 1954 issue of "Exceptional Children."

  • Why Johnny Can't Hear. Garwood, Victor P.; Goodhill, Victor // Education;Mar1959, Vol. 79 Issue 7, p423 

    The article focuses on deafness, its diagnosis and treatment. While it has been demonstrated clinically that only a very few children have absolutely no hearing, that majority classified as deaf have some residual hearing, usually for low pitched tones only. The information carried by such tones...

  • A STUDY INADJUSTMENT of 3 groups of deaf children. Brill, Richard C. // Exceptional Children;May1960, Vol. 26 Issue 9, p464 

    The article presents a study on the adjustment of three groups of deaf children in the U.S. A program for children who are quite poorly adjusted should be different from that designed for children who are apparently well adjusted. The 135 children in this study were arranged in alphabetical...

  • An Experimental Diagnostic Teaching Clinic for Multiply Handicapped Deaf Children. Osborne, Karen M.; Bellefleur, Philip A.; Bevan, Richard C. // Exceptional Children;Jan1971, Vol. 37 Issue 5, p387 

    The article highlights the experimental diagnostic teaching clinic for hearing impaired children. A diagnostic teaching program was designed to correlate educational judgments of medical and paramedical personnel with those of teachers. The diagnostic teaching program was characterized by...

  • J. Speech and Hearing Disorders. Dolphin, Jane E. // Exceptional Children;Jan1955, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p156 

    The article provides an overview of the article "Aspiration Levels of Deaf Children as Compared With Those of Hearing Children," by Louise Rutledge published in the September 1954 issue of the "Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders."

  • Behavior Modification Applied to Training Young Deaf Children. Mira, Mary // Exceptional Children;Nov1972, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p225 

    Case histories of young hearing impaired children whose parents were enrolled in a parent home training program are described, and the developmental or behavioral management problems encountered are discussed. Some of the operant behavioral management procedures were particularly useful in (a)...

  • A Study of the Integration of Deaf Children in Regular Classrooms. O'Connor, Clarence D.; Connor, Leo E. // Exceptional Children;May1961, Vol. 27 Issue 9, p483 

    The article determines academic success or failure of deaf children who were transferred from the Lexington School for the Deaf to integrated classes in regular public or private schools, and determines some general factors that might characterize such failure or success. The average reading...

  • PERIODICAL ARTICLES AND PAMPHLETS.  // Exceptional Children;Jan1957, Vol. 23 Issue 4, p189 

    The article presents publications related to auditory impairment. They include "Predicting School Achievement in Young Deaf Children," by Jane R. Birch and Jack W. Birch. "Problems of Audition, Perception and Understanding: Differentiation and Needs," by William G. Hardy. "Evaluation of Pure...

  • Evidence-Based Practices Are Not Reformulated Best Practices: A Response to Martindale's "Children With Significant Hearing Loss: Learning to Listen, Talk, and Read--Evidence-Based Best Practices". Schirmer, Barbara R.; Williams, Cheri // Communication Disorders Quarterly;May2008, Vol. 29 Issue 3, p166 

    Communication Disorders Quarterly's special series on evidence-based practices and, specifically, Martindale's article on evidence-based practices in learning to listen, talk, and read among children with significant hearing loss appear to confuse best practices with evidence-based practices...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics