Comparison of Results of Medial Rectus Muscle Recession Using Augmentation, Faden Procedure, and Slanted Recession in the Treatment of High Accommodative Convergence/Accommodation Ratio Esotropia

Gharabaghi, Davoud; Zanjani, Leila Kazemi
March 2006
Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus;Mar/Apr2006, Vol. 43 Issue 2, p91
Academic Journal
Background and Purpose: According to the literature, accommodative esotropia has an unpredictable course when nonsurgical treatment is considered, especially in cases with a high accommodative convergence/accommodation ratio (AC/A). The aim of this study was to compare the results of augmented recession, slanted recession, and recession with posterior fixation suture of the medial rectus muscles in the treatment of high AC/A esotropia. Subjects and Methods: Twenty-eight children (4 to 14 years old) with high AC/A esotropia with a near-distance disparity greater than 10 PD were included in a prospective, randomized, blinded clinical trial. Nine children underwent recession of both medial rectus muscles and posterior fixation suture (Faden procedure), 9 children underwent augmented recession of the medial rectus muscles, and 10 children underwent slanted recession of both medial rectus muscles. The amount of esodeviation was measured before strabismus surgery and at least 6 months postoperatively. Results: In the augmented recession group, the mean near-distance disparity was reduced from 16.33 ± 2.17 PD preoperatively to 7.55 ± 3.87 PD postoperatively (54.21%; P = .056). In the Faden procedure group, it was reduced from 15.22 ± 4.08 PD to 2.55 ± 4.03 PD (80.7%; P = .056). In the slanted recession group, it was reduced from 15.50 ± 4.30 PD to 4.10 ± 4.80 PD (67.55%; P = .056). Conclusions: The Faden procedure had the best outcome, but slanted recession also was successful. Because of our good results and an easy, noninvasive approach without any additional complications, we recommend slanted recession to treat high AC/A esotropia.


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