Extraocular Muscle Cysticercosis: Clinical Presentations and Outcome of Treatment

Mohan, Kanwar; Saroha, Vandana; Sharma, Ashok; Pandav, SurInder; Singh, Usha
January 2005
Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus;Jan/Feb2005, Vol. 42 Issue 1, p28
Academic Journal
Purpose: To report various clinical presentations and treatment outcomes in a series of patients with extraocular muscle cysticercosis. Methods: This retrospective study reviewed the charts of 43 patients diagnosed with extraocular muscle cysticercosis with computed tomography and orbital B-scan ultrasonography between January 1991 and December 2002. Clinical presentation, results of investigations, treatment, and outcome were recorded. Results: The superior rectus was the most commonly affected extraocular muscle. Restricted ocular motility was present in 88% of patients, and inflammatory signs were noted in the involved quadrant in 70% of patients. Eleven patients were treated with oral albendazole alone and 31 patients were treated with oral albendazole and prednisolone. Four extraocular muscle cysts were excised surgically, and five extruded spontaneously. Inflammatory signs subsided in all patients, and residual restriction of ocular motility was seen in 16 (50%) of 32 patients at a mean follow-up of 5 months. Type of treatment made no significant difference in the ocular motility outcome. Conclusions: Extraocular muscle cysticercosis should be considered in patients who present with restricted ocular motility and inflammatory signs. The direction of motility restriction does not indicate the muscle involved. Residual restriction of ocular motility is common despite the addition of corticosteroids to albendazole therapy.


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