TITLE

Basic Numeracy in Children With Specific Language Impairment: Heterogeneity and Connections to Language

AUTHOR(S)
Koponen, Tuire; Mononen, Riikka; Räsänen, Pekka; Ahonen, Timo
PUB. DATE
February 2006
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2006, Vol. 49 Issue 1, p58
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: This study examined basic numerical skills in children with specific language impairment (SLI) and how well linguistic factors explain the variance in these children's number skills. Method: The performance of children with SLI (n = 29) was compared with that of typically developing children along a continuum ranging from preschool to 3rd grade (n = 20, 47, 40, and 33). This facilitated both linguistic and educational age comparisons. To study number skills within the SLI group more closely, this group was divided into subgroups on the basis of their performance in verbal and nonverbal numerical skills. The performance of the different SLI subgroups on the linguistic and nonverbal reasoning task was analyzed. Results: As a single group, the children with SLI lagged behind their educational age controls in both verbal and nonverbal numerical skills. Subgroup analyses revealed that the ability to retrieve arithmetic facts from the memory was connected to naming fluency, whereas the differences in nonverbal numerical skills were not explained by the cognitive skills measured (nonverbal reasoning skill, verbal short-term memory, vocabulary, comprehension, and naming fluency). Conclusions: This study demonstrates that children with SLI form a very heterogeneous group in their numerical skills, and thus specific hypotheses concerning the influence of linguistic deficits on developing numerical skills are required. The cognitive components of serial naming speed present a promising domain for further exploration.
ACCESSION #
20056226

 

Related Articles

  • General Language Performance Measures in Spoken and Written Narrative and Expository Discourse of School-Age Children With Language Learning Disabilities. Scott, Cheryl M.; Windsor, Jennifer // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2000, Vol. 43 Issue 2, p324 

    Language performance in naturalistic contexts can be characterized by general measures of productivity, fluency, lexical diversity, and grammatical complexity and accuracy. The use of such measures as indices of language impairment in older children is open to questions of method and...

  • A Database of Psycholinguistic and Lexical Properties for French Adjectives Referring to Human and/or Nonhuman Attributes. Quadflieg, Susanne; Michel, Caroline; Bukowski, Henryk; Samson, Dana // Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology;Mar2014, Vol. 68 Issue 1, p67 

    The processing of human and nonhuman concepts (e.g., agreeable vs. edible) during basic comprehension and reasoning tasks has become a major topic of scientific inquiry. To ensure that the experimental effects obtained from such studies reflect the hypothesised semantic distinction, potential...

  • Using conversation analysis to study prosodic problems in a child with language impairment. Samuelsson, Christina // Child Language Teaching & Therapy;Feb2009, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p59 

    Prosody carries a lot of information relevant for our understanding of spoken messages. In addition, prosody plays an important role in signalling attitudes and emotions. Prosodic features also constitute an important resource that participants use to achieve mutual understanding in interaction....

  • Age Preservation of the Syntactic Processor in Production. Davidson, Douglas J.; Zacks, Rose T.; Ferreira, Fernanda // Journal of Psycholinguistic Research;Sep2003, Vol. 32 Issue 5, p541 

    Two experiments are reported on the influence of cognitive aging on grammatical choice in language production. In both experiments, participants from two age-groups (young and old) produced sentences in a formulation task (V. Ferreira, 1996) that contrasted conditions allowing a choice between...

  • Tracking children from poverty at risk for specific language impairment: A 3-year longitudinal... Fazio, Barbara B.; Naremore, Rita C. // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Jun96, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p611 

    Presents a longitudinal study of the language performance of children from poverty and address the problem of separating children with a specific language impairment (SLI) from low-scoring normal children. Subject selection; Changes in procedures; Determination of passing scores on language...

  • Effects of Treatment on Linguistic and Social Skills in Toddlers With Delayed Language Development. Robertson, Shari Brand; Weismer, Susan Ellis // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct1999, Vol. 42 Issue 5, p1234 

    Investigates the effects of early language intervention on various linguistic and social skills of late-talking toddlers in the United States. Role of early language intervention in increasing the socialization skills of late-talkers; Parent's perceptions of their child's linguistic, social and...

  • Children With SLI Argument Structure Cues to Learn Verbs. Oetting, Janna B. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct1999, Vol. 42 Issue 5, p1261 

    Provides information on a study which examined whether children in the United States with specific language impairment (SLI) make use of structural cues to learn verbs. Outline of syntactic bootstrapping; Characteristics of children with SLI; Methodology of the study; Results and discussions of...

  • Children With a History of Expressive Vocabulary Delay: Outcomes at 5 Years of Age. Girolametto, Luigi; Wiigs, Megan; Smyth, Ron; Weitzman, Elaine; Pearce, Patsy Steig // American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology;Nov2001, Vol. 10 Issue 4, p358 

    Examines the higher level language abilities of preschool children diagnosed as late talkers. Use of the soundfield testing for audiological testing; Method use in assessing the receptive language of children; Comparison between late talkers and typically developing children.

  • The EpiSLI Database: A Publicly Available Database on Speech and Language. Tomblin, J. Bruce // Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools;Jan2010, Vol. 41 Issue 1, p108 

    Purpose: This article describes a database that was created in the process of conducting a large-scale epidemiologic study of specific language impairment (SLI). As such, this database will be referred to as the EpiSLI database. Children with SLI have unexpected and unexplained difficulties...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics