Heydt, Bruce
April 2006
Military History;Apr2006, Vol. 23 Issue 2, p46
The article presents a history of the Greek fire, the Dark Ages' most terrifying weapon of mass destruction against the advancing Arab enemies of the Constantinople. The rise of Islam at the beginning of the 7th century presaged centuries of conflict with the Byzantine Empire. The jihad led by military commanders of the new faith toppled one outlying city after another. In 634 Caliph Omar attacked Syria. Emperor Heraclius' Byzantine army suffered defeat at Ajnadain in the same year.


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