High-resolution actinic defect inspection for extreme ultraviolet lithography multilayer mask blanks by photoemission electron microscopy

Neuhäusler, U.; Oelsner, A.; Slieh, J.; Brzeska, M.; Wonisch, A.; Westerwalbesloh, T.; Brückl, H.; Schicketanz, M.; Weber, N.; Escher, M.; Merkel, M.; Schönhense, G.; Kleineberg, U.; Heinzmann, U.
January 2006
Applied Physics Letters;1/30/2006, Vol. 88 Issue 5, p053113
Academic Journal
We report on the development and first experimental results of a “at wavelength” full-field imaging technique for defect inspection of multilayer mask blanks for extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography. According to the International Semiconductor Roadmap by Sematech, less than 5×10-3 defects per cm2 should be present on such multilayer mask blank to enable mass production of microelectronics using EUV lithography, thus fast high-resolution methods for mask defect inspection and localization are needed. Our approach uses a photoemission electron microscope in a normal incidence illumination mode at 13 nm to image the photoelectron emission induced by the EUV wave field on the multilayer mask blank surface. We show that by these means, buried defects in the multilayer stack can be probed down to a lateral size of 50 nm.


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